Type

Journal Article

Authors

C M Gardiner
A O'Meara
R L Stallings
M M Dring
C Ní Chorcora
S E Keating

Subjects

Biochemistry

Topics
neuroblastoma human cell function genes polymerase chain reaction receptor killer cells natural receptors kir

Increased frequencies of the killer immunoglobulin-like receptor genes KIR2DL2 and KIR2DS2 are associated with neuroblastoma. (2014)

Abstract Neuroblastoma is the most common extra-cranial solid tumour in children. Natural killer (NK) cells are innate lymphocytes that are known to mediate the direct cytotoxicity of neuroblastoma tumour cells. Natural variation in the highly polymorphic killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) and their cognate human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I ligands results in considerable diversity in NK cell function. As the early onset of neuroblastoma suggests the contribution of genetic factors, we investigated if individual KIR genes, combined KIR gene haplotypes or compound KIR-HLA ligand genotypes could influence susceptibility to neuroblastoma. Genotype analysis of the KIR genes as well as their three major HLA class I ligand groups, HLA-C1, HLA-C2 and HLA-Bw4, was carried out in a cohort of 201 neuroblastoma patients compared with 240 healthy control subjects using polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers. We found a significant increase in the frequency of KIR2DL2 (P = 0.019) as well as KIR2DS2 (P = 0.008) in patients with neuroblastoma compared with the healthy control group. While the incidence of the least inhibitory compound KIR-HLA-C genotype, KIR2DL3 in the presence of HLA-C1 was slightly reduced in neuroblastoma patients, this did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.069). In summary, while KIR-HLA compound genotypes have previously been implicated in predicting treatment outcomes in neuroblastoma, here we show that the presence of the individual KIR genes, KIR2DL2 and KIR2DS2, irrespective of HLA-C genotype is associated with the onset of this embryonal malignancy.
Collections Ireland -> Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

C M Gardiner, A O'Meara, R L Stallings, M M Dring, C Ní Chorcora, S E Keating

Experts in our system

1
Raymond L Stallings
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 59