Type

Journal Article

Authors

Jochen H M Prehn
Bridget A Breen
Sinéad Kinsella
Karen S Coughlan
Hans Georg König

Subjects

Biochemistry

Topics
cell death anterior horn cells antagonists inhibitors neuroimmunomodulation physiology motor neurons nf kappa b astrocytes animals neurodegenerative diseases cells cultured amyotrophic lateral sclerosis microglia mice transgenic physiopathology superoxide dismutase 1 bid protein mouse humans bh3 interacting domain death agonist protein superoxide dismutase immunology mice knockout lipopolysaccharides genetics metabolism

The BCL-2 family protein Bid is critical for pro-inflammatory signaling in astrocytes. (2013)

Abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the loss of motoneurons in the spinal cord, brainstem and motor cortex. Mutations in the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene represent a frequent genetic determinant and recapitulate a disease phenotype similar to ALS when expressed in mice. Previous studies using SOD1(G93A) transgenic mice have suggested a paracrine mechanism of neuronal loss, in which cytokines and other toxic factors released from astroglia or microglia trigger motoneuron degeneration. Several pro-inflammatory cytokines activate death receptors and may downstream from this activate the Bcl-2 family protein, Bid. We here sought to investigate the role of Bid in astrocyte activation and non-cell autonomous motoneuron degeneration. We found that spinal cord Bid protein levels increased significantly during disease progression in SOD1(G93A) mice. Subsequent experiments in vitro indicated that Bid was expressed at relatively low levels in motoneurons, but was enriched in astrocytes and microglia. Bid was strongly induced in astrocytes in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines or exposure to lipopolysaccharide. Experiments in bid-deficient astrocytes or astrocytes treated with a small molecule Bid inhibitor demonstrated that Bid was required for the efficient activation of transcription factor nuclear factor-κB in response to these pro-inflammatory stimuli. Finally, we found that conditioned medium from wild-type astrocytes, but not from bid-deficient astrocytes, was toxic when applied to primary motoneuron cultures. Collectively, our data demonstrate a new role for the Bcl-2 family protein Bid as a mediator of astrocyte activation during neuroinflammation, and suggest that Bid activation may contribute to non-cell autonomous motoneuron degeneration in ALS.
Collections Ireland -> Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Jochen H M Prehn, Bridget A Breen, Sinéad Kinsella, Karen S Coughlan, Hans Georg König

Experts in our system

1
Jochen H M Prehn
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 206
 
2
Sinéad Kinsella
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 10
 
3
Karen S Coughlan
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 10
 
4
Hans Georg König
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 22