Type

Journal Article

Authors

F E Murray
D J Fitzgerald
T Walsh
L Cullen
M F Byrne
A A Shah

Subjects

Biochemistry

Topics
male pathology biosynthesis hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids prostaglandin endoperoxide synthases prostaglandins pharmacology antagonists inhibitors 6 ketoprostaglandin f1 alpha isoenzymes membrane proteins nitrobenzenes helicobacter pylori cyclooxygenase 2 gastric mucosa n 2 cyclohexyloxy 4 nitrophenyl methanesulfonamide aspirin adult humans ptgs2 protein human female sulfonamides metabolism lipopolysaccharides enzymology helicobacter infections

Effect of H. pylori infection on the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in human gastric mucosa. (2003)

Abstract Cyclooxygenase-1 is the primary isoform responsible for the production of cytoprotective prostaglandins (PGE(2) and PGI(2)) in the stomach. In contrast COX-2 is induced at the sites of inflammation. Using Helicobacter pylori infection as a model of inflammation, this study was designed to evaluate the effects of H. pylori infection on prostanoid synthesis and expression of COX-2 in human gastric mucosa. Prostaglandin (PGE(2)) and prostacyclin (PGI(2)) synthesis in gastric biopsies obtained from 21 patients undergoing diagnostic endoscopy, were determined. H. pylori was detected by CLO test, histology and culture. Biopsy samples were incubated either with NS-398, selective COX-2 inhibitor or aspirin. Samples were also treated with endotoxin (LPS) in order to induce COX-2 expression. Tissue was also analysed for COX-2 expression in vivo by immunohistochemistry. In 15 out of 21 patients, H. pylori was detected by at least two of the three methods. Higher levels of PGE(2) and PGI(2) were seen in patients infected with H. pylori (191+/-30 and 245+/-88ng/mg protein, respectively) compared with non-infected patients (77+/-17 and 120+/-36ng/mg protein, respectively). There was significant inhibition of PGE(2) and PGI(2) with aspirin in both H. pylori infected (28+/-6.6 and 53+/-43ng/mg, respectively) and in non-infected patients (16+/-7 and 12.5+/-3.5ng/mg protein, respectively). However, NS-398 and LPS did not alter prostaglandin function significantly. Immunohistochemistry in all patients irrespective of Hp status demonstrated expression of COX-2.Lower concentration of constitutive expression of COX-2 was detected in human gastric mucosa by immunohistochemistry, however, H. pylori infection failed to induce COX-2 protein. In addition, increased prostaglandin synthesis in Hp-infected patients appears to be COX-1 mediated rather than COX-2. Furthermore, failure of endotoxaemia-treated sample to produce more PGE(2) in the face of enhanced COX-2 expression in gastric mucosa further suggests that increased prostanoids in human gastric stomach are COX-1 mediated.
Collections Ireland -> Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

F E Murray, D J Fitzgerald, T Walsh, L Cullen, M F Byrne, A A Shah

Experts in our system

1
F E Murray
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
 
2
D J Fitzgerald
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 101