Type

Journal Article

Authors

D J Fitzgerald
E Braunwald
C P Cannon
A Fitzgerald
D C Shields
F F O'Connor

Subjects

Medicine & Nursing

Topics
placebos myocardial infarction antagonists inhibitors genetics drug therapy angina unstable male human platelet antigen 1b adverse effects aged middle aged platelet glycoprotein gpiib iiia complex pyrrolidines alanine orbofiban myocardial ischemia hemorrhage polymorphism genetic chemically induced administration dosage genetic variation antigens human platelet humans genotype double blind method female aspirin therapeutic use

Genetic variation in glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa) as a determinant of the responses to an oral GPIIb/IIIa antagonist in patients with unstable coronary syndromes. (2001)

Abstract This study examined the influence of the Pl(A) polymorphism of glycoprotein IIIa (GPIIIa) in determining the response to an oral GPIIb/IIIa antagonist, orbofiban, in patients with unstable coronary syndromes. Genotyping for the Pl(A) polymorphism was performed in 1014 patients recruited into the OPUS-TIMI-16 (orbofiban in patients with unstable coronary syndromes-thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 16) trial, in which patients were randomized to low- or high-dose orbofiban or placebo for 1 year. The primary end point (n = 165) was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), recurrent ischemia requiring rehospitalization, urgent revascularization, and stroke. Overall, orbofiban failed to reduce ischemic events when compared with placebo, but increased the rate of bleeding. In the whole population, Pl(A2) carriers had a significant increase in MI (n = 33) during follow up, with a relative risk (RR) of 2.71 (95% CI, 1.37 to 5.38; P =.004). There was a significant interaction between treatment (placebo and orbofiban) and the Pl(A) polymorphism for bleeding (n = 187; P =.05). Thus, while orbofiban increased bleeding in noncarriers (RR = 1.87, 1.29 to 2.71; P <.001) in a dose-dependent fashion, it did not increase bleeding events in Pl(A2) carriers (RR = 0.87, 0.46 to 1.64). There was no interaction between treatment (placebo and orbofiban) and the Pl(A) polymorphism for the primary end point (P =.10). However, in the patients receiving orbifiban there was a higher risk of a primary event (RR = 1.55, 1.03 to 2.34; P =.04) and MI (RR 4.27, 1.82 to 10.03; P <.001) in Pl(A2) carriers compared with noncarriers. In contrast, there was no evidence that Pl(A2) influenced the rate of recurrent events in placebo-treated patients. In patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome, the Pl(A) polymorphism of GPIIb/IIIa may explain some of the variance in the response to an oral GPIIb/IIIa antagonist.
Collections Ireland -> Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

D J Fitzgerald, E Braunwald, C P Cannon, A Fitzgerald, D C Shields, F F O'Connor

Experts in our system

1
D J Fitzgerald
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 101
 
2
Anthony P Fitzgerald
University College Cork
Total Publications: 78
 
3
Denis C. Shields
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 123