Type

Journal Article

Authors

C Hill
R P Ross
P D Cotter
P M O'Connor
A Dobson

Subjects

Microbiology

Topics
lacticin 481 microbiology humans biofilms streptococcus mutans pharmacology saliva microbial sensitivity tests drug effects growth development anti infective agents bacteriocins

Impact of the broad-spectrum antimicrobial peptide, lacticin 3147, on Streptococcus mutans growing in a biofilm and in human saliva. (2011)

Abstract To evaluate the ability of the broad-spectrum lantibiotic, lacticin 3147, to prevent Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation and disrupt existing biofilms. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimum biofilm inhibitory concentrations of purified lacticin 3147 were determined using a microdilution method. Lacticin 3147 effectively inhibited planktonic Strep. mutans, with MIC of 1.9-3.8 μmol l(-1). Time-kill kinetic studies confirmed that lacticin 3147 exhibited bactericidal activity against Strep. mutans at 38 μmol l(-1) (or 10× MIC). The effect of lacticin 3147 on biofilm formation and reduction was also determined. Exposure to 6.3-μmol l(-1) lacticin 3147 (2× MIC) resulted in substantial reductions in Strep. mutans biofilm formation while lacticin 3147 was less effective against 1-day-old biofilms. Culture-based analyses revealed that lacticin 3147 (50 μmol l(-1)) significantly inhibited Streptococcus spp. present in human saliva (P < 0.05) with an approximate 4-log reduction in viability compared with the control. These results indicate that lacticin 3147 may be an effective therapy against Strep. mutans and was shown to substantially attenuate its ability to form a biofilm. Lacticin 3147 has the potential to be a useful adjunct to traditional oral therapeutic approaches in addition to its use as a bioactive ingredient for food applications.
Collections Ireland -> Teagasc -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

C Hill, R P Ross, P D Cotter, P M O'Connor, A Dobson

Experts in our system

1
Colin Hill
University College Cork
Total Publications: 351
 
2
R Paul Ross
Teagasc
Total Publications: 441
 
3
Paul D. Cotter
Teagasc
Total Publications: 253
 
4
Paula M. O'Connor
Teagasc
Total Publications: 85
 
5
Alan D W Dobson
University College Cork
Total Publications: 98