Type

Journal Article

Authors

S M Waters
M G Keane
D.A. Kenny
S M Keady

Subjects

Biochemistry

Topics
physiology metabolism peptide elongation factor 1 gene expression regulation animals receptors somatotropin insulin body weight muscle skeletal cattle somatomedins genetics blood hydroxymethylbilane synthase male actins

Effect of sire breed and genetic merit for carcass weight on the transcriptional regulation of the somatotropic axis in longissimus dorsi of crossbred steers. (2011)

Abstract The somatotropic axis plays an important role in postnatal growth, development, and differentiation of skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of sire breed and sire EPD for carcass weight (EPD(cwt)) on the expression of components of the somatotropic axis in LM of beef cattle at slaughter. Crossbred Aberdeen Angus (AA; n = 17) and Belgian Blue (BB; n = 16) steers born to Holstein-Friesian dams and sired by bulls with either high (H) or low (L) EPD(cwt) were used in the study. Thus, there were 4 genetic groups [i.e., BBH (n = 8), BBL (n = 8), AAH (n = 8), and AAL (n = 9)]. Blood samples were collected via jugular venipuncture at regular intervals for analysis of plasma concentrations of IGF-1 and insulin. Total RNA was isolated from LM collected at slaughter, and the mRNA expression of IGF-1, IGF-2, their receptors (IGF-1R; IGF-2R), 6 IGFBP, acid labile subunit (ALS), and GH receptor (GHR) was measured by real-time reverse-transcription quantitative PCR. There was no effect of either sire breed or EPD(cwt) on concentrations of circulating IGF or insulin (P > 0.05). Gene expression of IGF-1R and IGFBP3 was upregulated in AA (P < 0.001) compared with BB, whereas IGF-1 was upregulated in H compared with L animals (P < 0.01). Correlation analysis indicated moderate positive associations between gene expression of IGFBP3 and IGF-1 (r = 0.54; P < 0.001) and IGF-1R (r = 0.48; P < 0.01). In addition, correlation analysis revealed that mRNA expression of IGFBP3 was moderately negatively associated with LM area per kilogram of carcass weight (r = -0.40; P < 0.05). Greater gene expression of IGF-1 and reduced transcript abundance of IGFBP3 in muscle may have a role in increased muscle growth potential in steers during the finishing period. These data will contribute to a better understanding of the molecular control of muscle growth at a tissue level in cattle.
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Full list of authors on original publication

S M Waters, M G Keane, D.A. Kenny, S M Keady

Experts in our system

1
Sinead M. Waters
Teagasc
Total Publications: 99
 
2
Michael G. Keane
Teagasc
Total Publications: 50
 
3
D.A. Kenny
Teagasc
Total Publications: 147