Type

Journal Article

Authors

D P Berry
R. D. Evans
D H Crews
D.A. Kenny
M McGee
J J Crowley

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
breeding weight gain physiology eating phenotype animals genotype quantitative trait heritable cattle genetics digestion growth development male

Phenotypic and genetic parameters for different measures of feed efficiency in different breeds of Irish performance-tested beef bulls. (2009)

Abstract No genetic parameters for performance and feed efficiency traits are available for Irish performance-tested bulls. The objective of this study was to determine the phenotypic and genetic variation for feed intake, BW, ADG, and measures of feed efficiency including feed conversion ratio (FCR), relative growth rate, Kleiber ratio, residual BW gain (RG), and residual feed intake (RFI). Observations were available on up to 2,605 bulls for each trait from one test station across 24 yr; breeds included in the analyses were Aberdeen Angus (AN), Charolais (CH), Hereford, Limousin (LI), and Simmental. The test period was at least 70 d. Bulls were individually offered concentrates ad libitum, with a restricted forage allowance. Differences in performance and feed efficiency existed among breeds. For example, AN, on average, ate 0.04 kg of DM/d more than CH but had ADG of 0.14 kg/d less over the 70-d test period. Results showed LI and CH were the most efficient breeds when efficiency was defined as FCR or RFI. When animals were partitioned into groups based on high, medium, or low RFI, the low RFI (i.e., most efficient) group were also the more efficient as defined by RG and FCR. The low RFI group had the same ADG as the medium group and a greater ADG (P < 0.01) than the high group (1.67 vs. 1.66 and 1.63 kg/d); yet they ate 0.67 kg of DM/d less (P < 0.001) than the medium RFI group and 1.22 kg of DM/d less (P < 0.001) than the high RFI (i.e., least efficient) group. Genetic parameters for all performance and efficiency measures were estimated across breeds using linear animal mixed models; heritability estimates for feed efficiency traits ranged from 0.28 +/- 0.06 (RG) to 0.45 +/- 0.06 (RFI). An additional series of analyses included a maternal component in the model; maternal heritability estimates for feed efficiency traits ranged from 0.05 +/- 0.03 (RG) to 0.11 +/- 0.05 (relative growth rate). Genetic correlations between most of the different feed efficiency measures were strong. Results from this study indicate significant genetic differences in performance and some measures of feed efficiency among performance-tested beef bulls.
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Full list of authors on original publication

D P Berry, R. D. Evans, D H Crews, D.A. Kenny, M McGee, J J Crowley

Experts in our system

1
D P Berry
Teagasc
Total Publications: 243
 
2
R. D. Evans
Teagasc
Total Publications: 44
 
3
D.A. Kenny
Teagasc
Total Publications: 147
 
4
Mark McGee
Teagasc
Total Publications: 81
 
5
J J Crowley
Teagasc
Total Publications: 8