Type

Journal Article

Authors

Conal Cunningham
J J Strain
Martin Healy
Eamon Laird
Anne Molloy
Leane Hoey
Mary Ward
Helene McNulty
Miriam Casey
Avril Beirne
and 1 others

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
community body mass index mass spectroscopy irish adults older adults europe solar radiation vitamin d deficiency

Determinants of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in older Irish adults. (2014)

Abstract vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in older adults living in Northern Europe and is influenced by several factors which may vary significantly with age. we aimed to investigate the determinants of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in older Irish adults and in particular to examine the effect of supplement use and surrogate markers of sun exposure. subjects were non-institutionalised community dwelling Irish adults aged over 60 years who were participants of a large cross-sectional study comprising three disease defined cohorts. Serum 25(OH)D was measured by liquid chromatography mass spectroscopy. Associations between 25(OH)D and potential confounders were explored in forward regression models in each cohort. the three cohorts comprised 1895, 1233 and 1316 participants (respective mean ages 70.1, 71.0 and 80.4 years). Statistical models explained between a fifth to a third of the variation in 25(OH)D. Supplement use and global solar radiation were positive predictors of 25(OH)D in all cohorts whereas the only universal negative predictor was body mass index. Supplement use was associated with a mean increase in 25(OH)D of between 21.4 and 35.4 nmol/l. The other main predictors varied by cohort but included sun holiday travel, enjoyment of sunshine when outside, use of vitamin D fortified milk, smoking, oily fish and egg consumption and physical frailty. supplement use was the most important determinant of vitamin D status. Vitamin D fortified milk and spending time in the sun, even in the oldest old may also be useful strategies to improve 25(OH)D.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Conal Cunningham, J J Strain, Martin Healy, Eamon Laird, Anne Molloy, Leane Hoey, Mary Ward, Helene McNulty, Miriam Casey, Avril Beirne and 1 others

Experts in our system

1
Conal Cunningham
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 22
 
2
J J Strain
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 12
 
3
Martin Healy
Trinity College Dublin
 
4
Eamon Laird
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 18
 
5
Anne M. Molloy
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 124
 
6
L Hoey
Trinity College Dublin
 
7
Mary Ward
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 13
 
8
Helene McNulty
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 14
 
9
Miriam Casey
Trinity College Dublin