Type

Journal Article

Authors

Brian Lawlor
Conal Cunningham
Lisa Crosby
Ontefetse Ntlholang
Irene Bruce

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
dementia diagnostic accuracy memory clinical utility education dublin ireland st james mild cognitive impairment

The clinical utility of naturalistic action test in differentiating mild cognitive impairment from early dementia in memory clinic. (2015)

Abstract This study aimed to examine the validity of the Naturalistic Action Test in differentiating Mild Cognitive Impairment from early dementia compared to clinical diagnosis and ascertain Naturalistic Action Test cut-off points. This was a cross-sectional study of 70 consecutive patients diagnosed with Mild Cognitive Impairment attending the memory clinic in St James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Patients with a diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment who attended for routine annual assessment were asked to participate in the study. The Naturalistic Action Test was carried out after the patient had completed their routine assessment in the clinic. The Area under the Curve, AUC ± SE was 0.808 ± 0.058, p < 0.001 with 95% CI (0.695-0.922). There was concordance in 40 and discrepancy in 30 patients between the NAT and the gold standard consensus diagnosis (PPV 38%, NPV 96%, sensitivity 94%, specificity 46% and accuracy 59%) using cut-off point of ≥14 for normal function on Naturalistic Action Test. The difference was not related to age, sex, level of education or informant. Using the Youden index, we determined a Naturalistic Action Test cut-off score of ≥11 for Mild Cognitive Impairment in our study (PPV 50%, NPV 91%, sensitivity 78%, specificity 73% and accuracy of 74%). There was discrepancy in 18 patients using the new cut-off point (≥11 for Mild Cognitive Impairment vs ≤10 for dementia). The Naturalistic Action Test is a useful tool that can increase diagnostic accuracy in differentiating Mild Cognitive Impairment from early dementia. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Brian Lawlor, Conal Cunningham, Lisa Crosby, Ontefetse Ntlholang, Irene Bruce

Experts in our system

1
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
2
Conal Cunningham
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 22
 
3
Lisa Crosby
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 3