Type

Journal Article

Authors

Robert Hester
Hugh Garavan
Jennifer Jones
Liam Nestor
Susan E Carey

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
cognitive impairment performance monitoring error correction paired associate learning drug abuse data collection negative feedback anterior cingulate cortex

Impaired learning from errors in cannabis users: Dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and hippocampus hypoactivity. (2015)

Abstract The chronic use of cannabis has been associated with error processing dysfunction, in particular, hypoactivity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) during the processing of cognitive errors. Given the role of such activity in influencing post-error adaptive behaviour, we hypothesised that chronic cannabis users would have significantly poorer learning from errors. Fifteen chronic cannabis users (four females, mean age=22.40 years, SD=4.29) and 15 control participants (two females, mean age=23.27 years, SD=3.67) were administered a paired associate learning task that enabled participants to learn from their errors, during fMRI data collection. Compared with controls, chronic cannabis users showed (i) a lower recall error-correction rate and (ii) hypoactivity in the dACC and left hippocampus during the processing of error-related feedback and re-encoding of the correct response. The difference in error-related dACC activation between cannabis users and healthy controls varied as a function of error type, with the control group showing a significantly greater difference between corrected and repeated errors than the cannabis group. The present results suggest that chronic cannabis users have poorer learning from errors, with the failure to adapt performance associated with hypoactivity in error-related dACC and hippocampal regions. The findings highlight a consequence of performance monitoring dysfunction in drug abuse and the potential consequence this cognitive impairment has for the symptom of failing to learn from negative feedback seen in cannabis and other forms of dependence.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Robert Hester, Hugh Garavan, Jennifer Jones, Liam Nestor, Susan E Carey

Experts in our system

1
Robert Hester
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 14
 
2
Hugh Garavan
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 160
 
3
Jennifer Jones
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 4
 
4
Liam Nestor
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 7