Type

Journal Article

Authors

Brian A Lawlor
Joanna Edel McHugh

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
cognition welfare of older people self rated health age older adults follow up biological community health improvement executive functioning

Executive functioning independently predicts self-rated health and improvement in self-rated health over time among community-dwelling older adults. (2015)

Abstract Self-rated health, as distinct from objective measures of health, is a clinically informative metric among older adults. The purpose of our study was to examine the cognitive and psychosocial factors associated with self-rated health. 624 participants over the age of 60 were assessed at baseline, and of these, 510 were contacted for a follow-up two years later. Measures of executive function and self-rated health were assessed at baseline, and self-rated health was assessed at follow-up. We employed multiple linear regression analyses to investigate the relationship between executive functioning and self-rated health, while controlling for demographic, psychosocial and biological variables. Controlling for other relevant variables, executive functioning independently and solely predicted self-rated health, both at a cross-sectional level, and also over time. Loneliness was also found to cross-sectionally predict self-rated health, although this relationship was not present at a longitudinal level. Older adults' self-rated health may be related to their executive functioning and to their loneliness. Self-rated health appeared to improve over time, and the extent of this improvement was also related to executive functioning at baseline. Self-rated health may be a judgement made of one's functioning, especially executive functioning, which changes with age and therefore may be particularly salient in the reflections of older adults.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare: Welfare of older people
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognition
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare: Welfare of older people
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognition

Full list of authors on original publication

Brian A Lawlor, Joanna Edel McHugh

Experts in our system

1
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
2
Joanna E. McHugh
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 36