Journal Article


Chris C A Spencer
Robert Plomin
Peter Donnelly
Thomas S Price
Cathryn M Lewis
Ian W Craig
Leonard S Schalkwyk
Stephen A Petrill
Philip S Dale
Leena Peltonen
and 42 others



mathematics environmental impact reading learning age children genes genetic component

The correlation between reading and mathematics ability at age twelve has a substantial genetic component. (2013)

Abstract Dissecting how genetic and environmental influences impact on learning is helpful for maximizing numeracy and literacy. Here we show, using twin and genome-wide analysis, that there is a substantial genetic component to children's ability in reading and mathematics, and estimate that around one half of the observed correlation in these traits is due to shared genetic effects (so-called Generalist Genes). Thus, our results highlight the potential role of the learning environment in contributing to differences in a child's cognitive abilities at age twelve.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Chris C A Spencer, Robert Plomin, Peter Donnelly, Thomas S Price, Cathryn M Lewis, Ian W Craig, Leonard S Schalkwyk, Stephen A Petrill, Philip S Dale, Leena Peltonen and 42 others

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