Type

Journal Article

Authors

Sabina Brennan
Cathal Walsh
Ian H Robertson
Brian A Lawlor
David Loughrey
Michelle E Kelly

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
humans cognition physiology mental processes aged cognitive reserve randomised controlled trials cognitive therapy

The impact of cognitive training and mental stimulation on cognitive and everyday functioning of healthy older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (2013)

Abstract This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates the impact of cognitive training and general mental stimulation on the cognitive and everyday functioning of older adults without known cognitive impairment. We examine transfer and maintenance of intervention effects, and the impact of training in group versus individual settings. Thirty-one randomised controlled trials were included, with 1806 participants in cognitive training groups and 386 in general mental stimulation groups. Meta-analysis results revealed that compared to active controls, cognitive training improved performance on measures of executive function (working memory, p=0.04; processing speed, p<0.0001) and composite measures of cognitive function (p=0.001). Compared to no intervention, cognitive training improved performance on measures of memory (face-name recall, p=0.02; immediate recall, p=0.02; paired associates, p=0.001) and subjective cognitive function (p=0.01). The impact of cognitive training on everyday functioning is largely under investigated. More research is required to determine if general mental stimulation can benefit cognitive and everyday functioning. Transfer and maintenance of intervention effects are most commonly reported when training is adaptive, with at least ten intervention sessions and a long-term follow-up. Memory and subjective cognitive performance might be improved by training in group versus individual settings.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Sabina Brennan, Cathal Walsh, Ian H Robertson, Brian A Lawlor, David Loughrey, Michelle E Kelly

Experts in our system

1
Sabina Brennan
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 47
 
2
Cathal Walsh
University of Limerick
Total Publications: 109
 
3
Ian H Robertson
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 162
 
4
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
5
David G Loughrey
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 12
 
6
Michelle E Kelly
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 51