Type

Journal Article

Authors

Jonathan N Coleman
Norbert Nicoloso
Sukanta De
Thomas M Higgins
Paul J King

Subjects

Physics

Topics
percolation v v sparse networks scaling law power and energy transparent carbon nanotube carbon electrodes

Percolation effects in supercapacitors with thin, transparent carbon nanotube electrodes. (2012)

Abstract We have explored the effects of percolation on the properties of supercapacitors with thin nanotube networks as electrodes. We find the equivalent series resistance, R(ESR), and volumetric capacitance, C(V), to be thickness independent for relatively thick electrodes. However, once the electrode thickness falls below a threshold thickness (∼100 nm for R(ESR) and ∼20 nm for C(V)), the properties of the electrode become thickness dependent. We show the thickness dependence of both R(ESR) and C(V) to be consistent with percolation theory. While this is expected for R(ESR), that the capacitance follows a percolation scaling law is not. This occurs because, for sparse networks, the capacitance is proportional to the fraction of nanotubes connected to the main network. This fraction, in turn, follows a percolation scaling law. This allows us to understand and quantify the limitations on the achievable capacitance for transparent supercapacitors. We find that supercapacitors with thickness independent R(ESR) and C(V) occupy a well-defined region of the Ragone plot. However, supercapacitors whose electrodes are limited by percolation occupy a long tail to lower values of energy and power density. For example, replacing electrodes with transparency of T = 80% with thinner networks displaying T = 97% will result in a 20-fold reduction of both power and energy density.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Jonathan N Coleman, Norbert Nicoloso, Sukanta De, Thomas M Higgins, Paul J King

Experts in our system

1
Jonathan Coleman
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 217
 
2
Thomas M Higgins
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 7
 
3
Paul J King
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 15