Journal Article


Hugh Garavan
John J Foxe
Marina Shpaner
Robert Hester
Cristina Simões-Franklin


Physiotherapy & Sport

gyrus cinguli brain psychomotor performance male adult executive function young adult neuropsychological tests motor activity physiology corpus striatum humans brain mapping reaction time cognition motivation female

Executive function and error detection: The effect of motivation on cingulate and ventral striatum activity. (2009)

Abstract Reacting appropriately to errors during task performance is fundamental to successful negotiation of our environment. This is especially true when errors will result in a significant penalty for the person performing a given task, be they financial or otherwise. Error responses and monitoring states were manipulated in a GO/NOGO task by introducing a financial punishment for errors. This study employed a mixed block design alternating between punishment and no punishment (neutral) conditions, enabling an assessment of tonic changes associated with cognitive control as well as trial-specific effects. Behavioural results revealed slower responses and fewer commission errors in the punishment condition. The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) had equal trial-specific activity for errors in the neutral and punishment conditions but had greater tonic activity throughout the punishment condition. A region of interest analysis revealed different activation patterns between the dorsal and the rostral parts of the ACC with the rostral ACC having only trial-specific activity for errors in the punishment condition, an activity profile similar to one observed in the nucleus accumbens. This study suggests that there is a motivational influence on cognitive processes in the ACC and nucleus accumbens and hints at a dissociation between tonic proactive activity and phasic reactive error-related activity.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Hugh Garavan, John J Foxe, Marina Shpaner, Robert Hester, Cristina Simões-Franklin

Experts in our system

Hugh Garavan
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 160
John J Foxe
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 43
Robert Hester
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 14