Type

Journal Article

Authors

Gary Donohoe
Aiden Corvin
Michael Gill
Kevin Murphy
Niamh Kenny
Kevin A McGhee
Siobhan Schwaiger
Derek W Morris
Sarah Clarke
Jeanne Marie Nangle

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
ireland humans adult schizophrenia severity of illness index population surveillance female demography psychology neuropsychological tests statistics numerical data diagnostic and statistical manual suicide attempted diagnosis mental disorders psychotic disorders physiopathology cognition disorders epidemiology male brain

Neurocognition and suicidal behaviour in an Irish population with major psychotic disorders. (2006)

Abstract Although neurocognitive deficits are seen as core to schizophrenia the association between suicidality and neurocognition has received little attention. Our aim was to examine the relationship between neurocognitive variables and suicidal behaviour in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Seventy-eight patients with DSM-IV diagnoses of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were categorised as either having attempted suicide or not having attempted suicide based on clinical interview and chart review. Attempters and non-attempters were compared on an extensive neuropsychological battery examining pre-morbid and current general cognitive functioning, episodic memory, and executive functioning. Suicide attempters tended to out perform non-attempters across all areas of executive functioning, and showed significantly better performances on measures of attention and verbal fluency. After controlling for relevant clinical and demographic variables, the differences between attempters and non-attempters remained significant for measures of attention (F = 4.97, p = 0.03) and verbal fluency (F = 4.28, p = 0.04). This study adds to existing data that suicide attempters with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder may have higher cognitive functioning than non-attempters. In particular, the preservation of higher executive function may influence the ability to initiate and plan suicidal behaviour.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Gary Donohoe, Aiden Corvin, Michael Gill, Kevin Murphy, Niamh Kenny, Kevin A McGhee, Siobhan Schwaiger, Derek W Morris, Sarah Clarke, Jeanne Marie Nangle

Experts in our system

1
Gary Donohoe
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 130
 
2
Aiden Corvin
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 190
 
3
Michael Gill
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 260
 
4
Derek Morris
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 150