Type

Journal Article

Authors

Michael J Gibney
Anne P Nugent
Albert Flynn
Janette Walton
Breige A McNulty
Elaine A Boylan

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
ireland waist circumference waist hip ratio overweight prevalence bmi north south irish population public health irish adults obesity national nutrition survey

The prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity in Irish adults between 1990 and 2011. (2014)

Abstract Obesity is a serious public health issue, the prevalence of which is increasing globally. The present study aimed to investigate trends in overweight and obesity in Irish adults between 1990 and 2011. Anthropometric data from three Irish national food consumption surveys were used to calculate trends in BMI, waist circumference and waist:hip ratio. Three cross-sectional food consumption surveys: the Irish National Nutrition Survey (1990), the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey (2001) and the National Adult Nutrition Survey (2011). A collective sample of free-living Irish adults (n 3125), aged 18-64 years. There were significant increases in mean weight, height and BMI from 1990 to 2011. Significant increments were also reported in waist and hip circumferences and waist:hip ratio between 2001 and 2011, with concurrent increases in the proportion of individuals at risk of developing CVD, particularly females aged 18-35 years. In 2011, 23·4 % of the Irish population was classified as obese; with the mean BMI increasing by 1·1 kg/m2 between 1990 and 2001 and by 0·6 kg/m2 between 2001 and 2011. The present paper characterises obesity levels in Irish adults from 1990 to 2011. Absolute levels of overweight and obesity have increased between these time points. Of concern is the increase in the proportion of young women classified as at risk of CVD, using waist circumference and waist:hip ratio. Effective prevention strategies are needed to avoid further increases.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> PubMed
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Science, Engineering and Food Science
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Food and Nutritional Sciences - Journal Articles
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Food and Nutritional Sciences

Full list of authors on original publication

Michael J Gibney, Anne P Nugent, Albert Flynn, Janette Walton, Breige A McNulty, Elaine A Boylan

Experts in our system

1
Michael J Gibney
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 102
 
2
Anne P Nugent
University College Cork
 
3
Albert Flynn
University College Cork
Total Publications: 83
 
4
Janette Walton
University College Cork
Total Publications: 79
 
5
Breige A McNulty
University College Cork