Journal Article


Albert Flynn
Janette Walton


Physiotherapy & Sport

vitamin d children growing up young children old irish cow s milk growing up milks nutrient intakes toddler milks national nutrition survey dietary fibre iron pre school nutrition

Nutritional adequacy of diets containing growing up milks or unfortified cow's milk in Irish children (aged 12-24 months). (2013)

Abstract Growing up milks (GUM) are milk-based drinks with added vitamins and minerals intended for children aged 12-36 months. Few data are available on the consumption of GUM and their role in the diets of young children. To determine the nutritional adequacy of two groups of 12-24-month-old Irish children by type of milk consumption (consumers or non-consumers of GUM). Using data from a cross-sectional study of Irish children, the National Pre-School Nutrition Survey (2010-2011), two groups of children were defined. The groups included children aged 12-24 months with an average daily total milk intake of at least 300 g and consuming GUM (≥100 g/day) together with cow's milk (n=29) or cow's milk only (n=56). While average total daily energy intakes were similar in both consumers and non-consumers of GUM, intakes of protein, saturated fat, and vitamin B12 were lower and intakes of carbohydrate, dietary fibre, iron, zinc, vitamins C and D were higher in consumers of GUM. These differences in nutrient intakes are largely attributable to the differences in composition between GUM and cow's milk. For both consumers and non-consumers of GUM, intakes of carbohydrate and fat were generally in line with recommendations while intakes of protein, dietary fibre and most micronutrients were adequate. For children consuming cow's milk only, high proportions had inadequate intakes of iron and vitamin D; however, these proportions were much lower in consumers of GUM. Consumption of GUM reduced the risk of inadequacies of iron and vitamin D, two nutrients frequently lacking in the diets of young children consuming unfortified cow's milk only.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> PubMed
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Science, Engineering and Food Science
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Food and Nutritional Sciences - Journal Articles
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Food and Nutritional Sciences

Full list of authors on original publication

Albert Flynn, Janette Walton

Experts in our system

Albert Flynn
University College Cork
Total Publications: 83
Janette Walton
University College Cork
Total Publications: 79