Type

Journal Article

Authors

Ivan J Perry
Simon Capewell
Janette Walton
Martin O'Flaherty
Zubair Kabir
Celine O'Keeffe

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
stroke modelling fruit and vegetables energy intake policy options sensitivity analysis coronary heart disease chd evidence based coronary heart disease food policies cardiovascular cvd mortality food policy ireland public health strokes

Modelling the impact of specific food policy options on coronary heart disease and stroke deaths in Ireland. (2013)

Abstract To estimate the potential reduction in cardiovascular (CVD) mortality possible by decreasing salt, trans fat and saturated fat consumption, and by increasing fruit and vegetable (F/V) consumption in Irish adults aged 25-84 years for 2010. Modelling study using the validated IMPACT Food Policy Model across two scenarios. Sensitivity analysis was undertaken. First, a conservative scenario: reductions in dietary salt by 1 g/day, trans fat by 0.5% of energy intake, saturated fat by 1% energy intake and increasing F/V intake by 1 portion/day. Second, a more substantial but politically feasible scenario: reductions in dietary salt by 3 g/day, trans fat by 1% of energy intake, saturated fat by 3% of energy intake and increasing F/V intake by 3 portions/day. Republic of Ireland. Coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke deaths prevented. The small, conservative changes in food policy could result in approximately 395 fewer cardiovascular deaths per year; approximately 190 (minimum 155, maximum 230) fewer CHD deaths in men, 50 (minimum 40, maximum 60) fewer CHD deaths in women, 95 (minimum 75, maximum 115) fewer stroke deaths in men, and 60 (minimum 45, maximum 70) fewer stroke deaths in women. Approximately 28%, 22%, 23% and 26% of the 395 fewer deaths could be attributable to decreased consumptions in trans fat, saturated fat, dietary salt and to increased F/V consumption, respectively. The 395 fewer deaths represent an overall 10% reduction in CVD mortality. Modelling the more substantial but feasible food policy options, we estimated that CVD mortality could be reduced by up to 1070 deaths/year, representing an overall 26% decline in CVD mortality. A considerable CVD burden is attributable to the excess consumption of saturated fat, trans fat, salt and insufficient fruit and vegetables. There are significant opportunities for Government and industry to reduce CVD mortality through effective, evidence-based food policies.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> Public Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> PubMed
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Science, Engineering and Food Science
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Food and Nutritional Sciences - Journal Articles
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Medicine and Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Food and Nutritional Sciences
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Public Health - Journal Articles

Full list of authors on original publication

Ivan J Perry, Simon Capewell, Janette Walton, Martin O'Flaherty, Zubair Kabir, Celine O'Keeffe

Experts in our system

1
Ivan J Perry
University College Cork
Total Publications: 188
 
2
Simon Capewell
University College Cork
 
3
Janette Walton
University College Cork
Total Publications: 61
 
4
Martin O'Flaherty
University College Cork
 
5
Zubair Kabir
University College Cork
Total Publications: 26