Type

Journal Article

Authors

Ivan J. Perry
Anthony Staines
Jamie Madden
Margaret Curtin

Subjects

Education

Topics
risk factors social well being parent and child first year primary schools early childhood ireland 5 years mother and child

Determinants of vulnerability in early childhood development in Ireland: a cross-sectional study. (2013)

Abstract Early childhood development strongly influences lifelong health. The Early Development Instrument (EDI) is a well-validated population-level measure of five developmental domains (physical health and well-being, social competence, emotional maturity, language and cognitive skills, and communication skills and general knowledge) at school entry age. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of EDI as an indicator of early development in Ireland. A cross-sectional design was used. The study was conducted in 42 of 47 primary schools in a major Irish urban centre. EDI (teacher completed) scores were calculated for 1243 children in their first year of full-time education. Contextual data from a subset of 865 children were collected using a parental questionnaire. Children scoring in the lowest 10% of the population in one or more domains were deemed 'developmentally vulnerable'. Scores were correlated with contextual data from the parental questionnaire. In the sample population, 29% of children were not developmentally ready to engage in school. Factors associated with increased risk of vulnerability were being male OR 2.1 (CI 1.6 to 2.7); under 5 years OR 1.5 (CI 1.1 to 2.1) and having English as a second language OR 3.7 (CI 2.6 to 5.2). Adjusted for these demographics, low birth weight, poor parent/child interaction and mother's lower level of education showed the most significant ORs for developmental vulnerability. Calculating population attributable fractions, the greatest population-level risk factors were being male (35%), mother's education (27%) and having English as a second language (12%). The EDI and linked parental questionnaires are promising indicators of the extent, distribution and determinants of developmental vulnerability among children in their first year of primary school in Ireland.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Ivan J. Perry, Anthony Staines, Jamie Madden, Margaret Curtin

Experts in our system

1
Ivan J Perry
University College Cork
Total Publications: 188
 
2
Anthony Staines
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 92