Journal Article


Joseph P Kerry
Ruth M Hamill
Maurice G O'Sullivan
Brian D Tobin



principal component analysis fast foods ethnology young adult physicochemical phenomena ireland adverse effects animals sensation sus scrofa food preferences diet dietary fats diet sodium restricted consumer satisfaction water sodium chloride dietary administration dosage humans adult meat products mechanical phenomena food quality diet fat restricted cattle

Effect of varying salt and fat levels on the sensory and physiochemical quality of frankfurters. (2011)

Abstract The sensory and physiochemical properties of frankfurters with varying fat and salt levels were investigated. Twenty frankfurter formulations were produced with varying concentrations of fat (10%, 15%, 20%, 25% w/w) and salt (1%, 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 3% w/w). Frankfurters were assessed instrumentally for colour, moisture, fat, cooking loss and texture profile analysis. Consumers (n=25) evaluated each product in duplicate for colour, coarseness, tenderness, juiciness, salt taste, meat flavour, off-flavour and overall acceptability using a hedonic scale. Salt levels below 1.5% were shown to have a negative effect on consumer acceptability, with 2.5% salt concentration being the most accepted (P<0.001) by consumers. However, frankfurters containing the lower fat levels 10% and 15% fat with higher salt levels (2.5-3%) were significantly the most acceptable variants to consumers. Samples containing less fat and salt were found to be tougher, less juicy and had greater cooking losses. Thus salt perception is very important for consumer acceptability, but fat levels can be potentially reduced without significantly affecting overall acceptability.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Joseph P Kerry, Ruth M Hamill, Maurice G O'Sullivan, Brian D Tobin

Experts in our system

J P Kerry
University College Cork
Total Publications: 130
Ruth M Hamill
Total Publications: 45
Maurice G O'Sullivan
University College Cork
Total Publications: 34