Type

Journal Article

Authors

Jonathan O'B Hourihane
Ivan J Perry
Eileen Duggan
Aisling Jennings

Subjects

Microbiology

Topics
population prevalence child animals hypersensitivity immunology female hymenoptera rural population asthma male epidemiology adverse effects ireland humans risk factors arthropod venoms insect bites and stings

Epidemiology of allergic reactions to hymenoptera stings in Irish school children. (2010)

Abstract The aim of this was to study generate the first epidemiological data regarding the prevalence of hymenoptera allergy among school children in Ireland. Questionnaires, including six sting-specific questions (1), were distributed to the parents of primary school children aged 6-8 and 11-13, divided equally between rural and urban backgrounds. From 110 schools, 4112 questionnaires were returned. A total of 1544 (37.5%) children had been stung in their lifetime. Among the total, 5.8% of children stung experienced a large local reaction, 3.4% had a mild (cutaneous) systemic reaction (MSR) and 0.8% experienced a moderate/severe systemic reaction (SSR); these figures respectively represent 2.2%, 1.3% and 0.2% of the total study group. On logistic regression analysis, older children and rural children were at a higher risk of being stung (OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.4-2.; OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.4-1.8 respectively). Rural dwellers and asthma sufferers were more likely to experience an SSR (OR 4.3; 95% CI 1.4-13.5 and OR 2.8; 95% CI 1.8-4.3, respectively). Hymenoptera stings are more common in rural than urban dwelling Irish children. Asthma imparted a greater risk of SSR in this study population. Severe reactions are unusual overall, occurring in <1% of those stung, a lower prevalence than in Israeli teenagers but in keeping with other European reports relating to young children.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Ivan J Perry, Eileen Duggan, Aisling Jennings

Experts in our system

1
Jonathan O'B Hourihane
University College Cork
Total Publications: 56
 
2
Ivan J Perry
University College Cork
Total Publications: 188