Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed for simultaneous analysis of the effects of added surimi (0-40%), fat (5-30%) and water (10-35%), on the physical, textural and sensory characteristics of fresh breakfast pork sausages. Experimental design allowed for evaluation of potential interactive effects between these ingredients. Sausages were evaluated for texture, colour, water holding capacity (WHC) and sensory attributes. Three optimum recipes, R1 (25.3% surimi, 22.2% fat, 12.7% water, 25.3% pork), R2 (12.2% surimi, 5.5% fat, 38.7% water, 33.2% pork) and R3 (25.3% surimi, 6.3% fat, 28.5% water, 25.3% pork), were determined and these were evaluated against a full-fat commercial control (R4). Force values of R1 were not significantly different to R4, however, force values for R2 and R3 were lower (P<0.001). No significant differences were observed between R1, R3 and R4 for visual colour or sensory acceptability scores throughout the study, whereas scores for R2 were lower. Sensory analysis indicated that R2 had lower scores for texture (P<0.01), chewiness (P<0.01), acceptability (P<0.01), flavour (P<0.05) and preference (P<0.01). Results from this study suggest that it is possible to successfully replace pork meat with functional fish proteins in the manufacture of sausage type products.
University College Cork ->