Type

Journal Article

Authors

Hugh E Mulcahy
Barbara Dooley
Glen A Doherty
Garret Cullen
Kathryn Byrne
Denise Keegan

Subjects

Medicine & Nursing

Topics
longitudinal studies correlation coefficient clinical research clinical practice patients measure disease activity inflammatory bowel disease

The Stressometer: A Simple, Valid, and Responsive Measure of Psychological Stress in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients. (2015)

Abstract Psychological stress is associated with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD], but the nature of this relationship is complex. At present, there is no simple tool to screen for stress in IBD clinical practice or assess stress repeatedly in longitudinal studies. Our aim was to design a single-question 'stressometer' to rapidly measure stress and validate this in IBD patients. In all, 304 IBD patients completed a single-question 'stressometer'. This was correlated with stress as measured by the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales [DASS-21], quality of life, and disease activity. Test-retest reliability was assessed in 31 patients who completed the stressometer and the DASS-21 on two occasions 4 weeks apart. Stressometer levels correlated with the DASS-21 stress dimension in both Crohn's disease [CD] (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient [rs] 0.54; p < 0.001) and ulcerative colitis [UC] [rs 0.59; p < 0.001]. Stressometer levels were less closely associated with depression and anxiety [rs range 0.36 to 0.49; all p-values < 0.001]. Stressometer scores correlated with all four Short Health Scale quality of life dimensions in both CD and UC [rs range 0.35 to 0.48; all p-values < 0.001] and with disease activity in Crohn's disease [rs 0.46; p < 0.001] and ulcerative colitis [rs 0.20; p = 0.02]. Responsiveness was confirmed with a test-retest correlation of 0.43 [p = 0.02]. The stressometer is a simple, valid, and responsive measure of psychological stress in IBD patients and may be a useful patient-reported outcome measure in future IBD clinical and research assessments.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Hugh E Mulcahy, Barbara Dooley, Glen A Doherty, Garret Cullen, Kathryn Byrne, Denise Keegan

Experts in our system

1
Hugh E Mulcahy
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 43
 
2
Barbara A. Dooley
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 55
 
3
Glen A Doherty
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 57
 
4
Garret Cullen
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 17
 
5
Kathryn Byrne
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 16
 
6
Denise Keegan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 22