Type

Journal Article

Authors

Hugh E Mulcahy
Kevin Malone
Garret Cullen
Glen A Doherty
Kathryn Byrne
Denise Keegan
Niamh Rafter
Jenny Moloney
Edel McDermott

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
factor analysis correlation coefficient body image study group dissatisfaction tool scale inflammatory bowel disease

The Body Image Scale: A Simple and Valid Tool for Assessing Body Image Dissatisfaction in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. (2013)

Abstract Body image refers to a persons' sense of their own physical appearance. This can be negatively influenced by a number of factors including disease states and treatments. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) carries a distinct psychosocial and a physical burden, but body image has not been formally assessed in patients with IBD, nor is there a validated body image questionnaire. Our aim was to assess and validate a body image questionnaire for patients with IBD. Three hundred thirty-eight ambulatory patients (median age, 36; 174 male) completed a questionnaire that included the Hopwood body image scale adapted from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Study Group. Data from another scale, the Cash Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire, were also collected in addition to demographic and clinical data. Factor analysis resulted in a single factor solution explaining 65% of the variance. Internal consistency of the body image scale was demonstrated with a Cronbach alpha of 0.93. Convergent validity was established with a correlation coefficient of 0.64 (P < 0.001) with the Cash Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire. Females (P < 0.001) and those who had undergone either stoma or nonstoma forming surgery experienced more body image dissatisfaction (P = 0.002), indicating predictive validity. Reliability was confirmed with a test-retest correlation of 0.82 (P < 0.001). The modified body image scale is a valid tool for assessing body image in patients with IBD.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Hugh E Mulcahy, Kevin Malone, Garret Cullen, Glen A Doherty, Kathryn Byrne, Denise Keegan, Niamh Rafter, Jenny Moloney, Edel McDermott

Experts in our system

1
Hugh E Mulcahy
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 43
 
2
Kevin M Malone
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 27
 
3
Garret Cullen
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 17
 
4
Glen A Doherty
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 57
 
5
Kathryn Byrne
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 16
 
6
Denise Keegan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 22
 
7
Jenny Moloney
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 3
 
8
Edel McDermott
University College Dublin