The aim of the present study was to examine the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in bovine blastocysts produced by IVF with unsorted, X-sorted or Y-sorted spermatozoa. In Experiment 1, individual blastocysts were processed to examine the incidence of mixoploidy using fluorescent in situ hybridisation. Overall, 80% (44/55) of blastocysts were mixoploid (10/15, 14/15 and 20/25 for X-sorted, Y-sorted and unsorted spermatozoa, respectively; P > 0.05). However, the prevalence of abnormal XY chromosome complements was relatively low in all groups; on average, only a small fraction of the total nuclei per embryo appeared polyploid (1.64%, 5.62% and 6.0% for X-sorted, Y-sorted and unsorted spermatozoa, respectively). Interestingly, 20% (5/25) of blastocysts derived from unsorted spermatozoa were found to be chimeric (XX/XY). In Experiment 2, chimeric embryos were detected among the blastocysts derived from two of five sires tested. In addition, one chimeric blastocyst was detected among nine in vivo-derived blastocysts obtained following AI. In conclusion, based on the results of the present study, the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities did not different between blastocysts derived from sex-sorted or unsorted spermatozoa. In addition, the occurrence of mixed sex chimeras was not limited to a single sire and was not unique to blastocysts derived from IVF.
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