Journal Article


Patrick Lonergan
Alan G Fahey
Alfonso Gutierrez-Adan
Dimitrios Rizos
Pablo Bermejo-Alvarez
Manuel García-Herreros


Medicine & Nursing

testosterone sex ratio reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction follicular fluid female odds ratio cattle chemistry animals embryo culture techniques radioimmunoassay male regression analysis

Intrafollicular testosterone concentration and sex ratio in individually cultured bovine embryos. (2009)

Abstract Recent studies have suggested a relationship between bovine follicular fluid testosterone concentration and the likelihood of the oocyte being fertilised by an X- or Y-bearing spermatozoon; however, this theory has been challenged. To further test this hypothesis, follicles were dissected from the ovaries of slaughtered heifers, measured and carefully ruptured. The cumulus-oocyte complex (COC) was removed and the follicular fluid collected and testosterone concentration determined by radioimmunoassay. COCs were matured, fertilised and cultured in an individually identifiable manner; all cleaved embryos (2- to 4-cell stage, n = 164) had their sex determined by PCR. Testosterone concentrations were positively skewed. There was no significant difference between follicular fluid testosterone concentrations in male and female embryos (mean + or - s.e.m. 51.5 + or - 5.59 and 49.5 + or - 7.42 ng mL(-1), respectively). Linear, quadratic and cubic logistical regression showed that follicular testosterone concentration could not reliably predict the sex of the embryo with odds ratios of 1.001, 1.013 and 1.066, respectively, and coefficient of determination (R(2)) values of 0.0003, 0.0126 and 0.0567, respectively. Follicular size and testosterone concentration were not related (R(2) = 0.087). Finally, follicular size had no influence on embryo sex determination (P = 0.70). In conclusion, under the conditions of the present study, the likelihood of an oocyte being fertilised by an X- or Y-bearing spermatozoon was not affected by the size of the follicle from which it was derived, nor by the testosterone concentration in the follicular fluid.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Patrick Lonergan, Alan G Fahey, Alfonso Gutierrez-Adan, Dimitrios Rizos, Pablo Bermejo-Alvarez, Manuel García-Herreros

Experts in our system

P. Lonergan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 190
A. G. Fahey
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 26
Alfonso Gutierrez-Adan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 9
D Rizos
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 42