Type

Journal Article

Authors

F M McAuliffe
Michael Foley
Michael Amaruso
Mary F Higgins
Noirin E Russell

Subjects

Biochemistry

Topics
body mass index fetal blood diabetes mellitus type 1 adult fetal macrosomia metabolism humans pregnancy in diabetics parity age of onset chemistry pregnancy female reference values infant newborn apgar score blood embryology birth weight pregnancy complications epidemiology hemoglobin a glycosylated troponin t natriuretic peptide brain diabetic angiopathies prospective studies

Troponin T and pro-B-type natriuretic Peptide in fetuses of type 1 diabetic mothers. (2009)

Abstract Cardiomyopathy is noted in up to 40% of infants of diabetic mothers, and the exact mechanisms are unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether fetal serum markers of cardiac function differ between normal and type 1 diabetic pregnancies and to examine the relationship between these markers and fetal cardiac structure and function. This was a prospective observational study of 45 type 1 diabetic pregnancies and 39 normal pregnancies. All participants had concentrations of fetal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (proBNP) and troponin-T (TnT) measured at the time of delivery. All patients with type 1 diabetes had Doppler evaluation of the umbilical artery, middle cerebral artery, and ductus venosus in the third trimester, and a subset (n = 21) had detailed fetal echocardiograms performed in each trimester. Fetal proBNP and TnT concentrations were higher in the diabetic cohort than in the normal cohort (P < 0.05). ProBNP correlated positively with interventricular septum thickness (P < 0.05) but not with cardiac function indexes in the third trimester. In patients with poor glycemic control, there was a significant positive correlation (P < 0.05) between fetal TnT and the third trimester umbilical artery pulsatility index. There were also increased levels of fetal TnT in infants with poor perinatal outcome (P < 0.05). Biochemical markers of cardiac dysfunction are elevated in infants of diabetic mothers, especially those with cardiomyopathy or poor perinatal outcome. Hyperglycemia in early pregnancy may affect myocardial and placental development, thus contributing to the susceptibility to hypoxia seen in these infants.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

F M McAuliffe, Michael Foley, Michael Amaruso, Mary F Higgins, Noirin E Russell

Experts in our system

1
Fionnuala M McAuliffe
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 176
 
2
Michael E Foley
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 25
 
3
Mary F Higgins
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 36