Type

Journal Article

Authors

P. Lonergan
M P Boland
F Ward
D Rizos

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
culture media fertilization in vitro blastocyst superovulation physiology pregnancy female coculture techniques cattle animals oocytes veterinary cryopreservation male

Effect of culture system on the yield and quality of bovine blastocysts as assessed by survival after vitrification. (2001)

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a bovine in vitro culture system on blastocyst yield and quality after vitrification. In Experiment 1, IVM/IVF zygotes were cultured in either synthetic oviduct fluid (SOF) in 5% CO2, 5% O2, 90% N2; or TCM199-granulosa cells (TCM199-GCM) in 5% CO2 in air. In vivo blastocysts were used as a control. Culture in SOF resulted in a significantly higher blastocyst yield on both Day 7 (31.3 vs 13.2%, P < 0.001) and 8 (36.8 vs 23.7%, P < 0.001) than did culture in TCM199-GCM. After vitrification, survival at 72 h of in vivo blastocysts was significantly higher than both in vitro groups, while significantly more blastocysts produced in TCM199-GCM survived compared to those produced in SOF (0, 43.5, 78.3% for SOF, TCM199-GCM and in vivo, respectively P < 0.01). In Experiment 2, SOF-GCM proved to be the best post-warming culture system of those tested and was adopted as the post-warming medium for all subsequent experiments. In Experiment 3, zygotes were cultured in SOF or SOF-GCM, in either 5% CO2 in air, or 5% CO2, 5% O2, 90% N2. In agreement with Experiment 1, culture in SOF in 5% O2 resulted in significantly more blastocysts at Day 7 (26.4 vs 17.3%, P < 0.01) and Day 8 (31.5 vs 23.2%, P < 0.01) than did culture in SOF-GCM. However, survival at 72 h post vitrification was significantly higher for SOF-GCM (44 vs 8.3%, P < 0.001). Increasing the O2 concentration to 20% significantly reduced the blastocyst eld from SOF (31.5 vs 17.3%, P < 0.001). In addition, the quality of blastocyst produced was reduced in terms of survival post vitrification (8.3 vs 0%, P < 0.05). In contrast, there was no difference in blastocyst yield (23.2 vs 25.2%) or survival (44.0 vs 36.9%) in SOF-GCM, irrespective of O2 concentration. Experiment 4 examined the duration of exposure to GCM necessary to acquire improved blastocyst quality. Zygotes were cultured in SOF; SOF until Day 3, followed by SOF-GCM for the remainder of the culture; SOF until Day 5, followed by SOF-GCM for the remainder of the culture; or SOF-GCM for the entire culture. Survival at 72 h post vitrification was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in Groups 2 (50.0%, 13/26) and 4 (55.3%, 26/47) than in Groups 1 (21.7%, 10/46) and 3 (10.8%, 4/37). In conclusion, culture system can affect blastocyst yield and quality and crytolerance is a useful indicator of blastocyst quality.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

P. Lonergan, M P Boland, F Ward, D Rizos

Experts in our system

1
P. Lonergan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 190
 
2
M P Boland
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 103
 
3
D Rizos
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 42