Type

Journal Article

Authors

J. F. Roche
M P Boland
M G Murphy

Subjects

Pharmacology

Topics
drug effects drug administration schedule twins swine ovulation cloprostenol physiology pharmacology estrus time factors follicle stimulating hormone administration dosage female cattle animals

The effects of dose and duration of administration of pFSH during the first follicular wave on the ovulation rate of beef heifers. (1998)

Abstract Four experiments were carried out to examine the effects of administration of pFSH (Vetrepharm) from Day 3 of the estrous cycle in conjunction with PG on Day 5 on follicular populations and ovulation rate in heifers. In Experiment 1, 47 heifers were allocated to 1 of 4 treatment groups (n = 11 to 12 per group): a) control, b) 1.5 mg pFSH, c) 2.0 mg pFSH or d) 2.5 mg pFSH until estrus. Heifers assigned to the 3 treatments had a higher ovulation rate than the controls (P < 0.05). In Experiment 2, 45 heifers were allocated to 1 of 5 treatment groups (n = 8 to 10 per group): a) control, b) 1.0 mg pFSH until PG, c) 1.0 mg pFSH until estrus, d) 1.5 mg pFSH until PG or e) 1.5 mg pFSH until estrus. From Day 5, heifers assigned to pFSH treatments had more large follicles than the controls (P < 0.05). There was no effect of treatment on the incidence of twin ovulations. In Experiment 3, 43 heifers were assigned to 1 of 3 groups (n = 11 to 16 per group): a) control, b) 1.0 mg pFSH until estrus or c) 1.5 mg pFSH until estrus. At slaughter, 14 d after administration of PG, the incidence of twin ovulations was 0/11, 7/16 and 8/16 for Groups a, b and c, respectively (P = 0.011). In Experiment 4, pFSH (1.5 mg) was administered to 3 groups during the development of the first dominant follicle: a) growth phase (n = 19); b) static phase (n = 17); and c) decline phase (n = 17). All pFSH-treated heifers had a higher ovulation rate than the controls (P < 0.05); heifers assigned to Group c had a higher ovulation rate than those in Groups a or b (P < 0.05). More heifers assigned to Group c (7/17) superovulated than in the other 2 groups (P < 0.05). In conclusion, administration of 1.0 or 1.5 mg pFSH twice daily beginning at Day 3 of the estrous cycle in association with the induction of luteolysis increased the ovulation rate significantly when pFSH treatment was continued to onset of estrus. The ovulation rate and the occurrence of multiple ovulations were significantly higher when pFSH was administered at the time that the first dominant follicle was in decline.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

J. F. Roche, M P Boland, M G Murphy

Experts in our system

1
M P Boland
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 103
 
2
Madeline Murphy
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 37