Type

Journal Article

Authors

J. F. Roche
M P Boland
M P Ryan
N Hynes
R S Monks
R P Murphy
K Z Papaioannou

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
viability rhodamine 123 flow cytometry mitochondrial activity cells population mitochondrial spermatozoa

Assessment of viability and mitochondrial function of equine spermatozoa using double staining and flow cytometry. (1996)

Abstract An objective double-staining method was developed to evaluate viability and mitochondrial function of stallion spermatozoa using flow cytometry. Sperm viability was assessed by propidium iodide (PI) exclusion, and mitochondrial function was measured by the intensity of rhodamine 123 (R123) fluorescence. Flow cytometry estimates of sperm viability measured by PI were equivalent (P > 0.05) to estimates made using Hoechst 33258 stain and fluorescent microscopy (% dead: 25 +/- 2.4 vs 21.5 +/- 3.5). The use of both PI and R123 was validated by addition of various proportions of freeze-shocked (membrane damaged) cells to viable spermatozoa. There was a high correlation (r(2) = 0.996) between increased PI positivestained (dead) cells and the number of membrane-damaged spermatozoa added (% dead: 29 +/- 0.4, 44 +/- 1.4, 58 +/- 0.9, 75 +/- 0.7 and 91+/- 0.25 vs 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% damaged cells, respectively). Optimal mitochondrial activity (OMA), as assessed by R123 uptake, was also reduced proportionally (r(2) = 0.976) by the percentage of membrane-damaged cells added (% OMA: 48 +/- 0.6, 37 +/- 1.7, 29 +/- 0.5, 16 +/- 1, 3.8 +/- 1.3 vs 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% damaged cells, respectively). The mitochondrial inhibitors rotenone and monensin significantly depressed optimal mitochondrial activity (P < 0.001), and there was a significant positive correlation (r(2) = 0.959) between the dose of inhibitors added and the population of sperm cells exhibiting minimal R123 staining (4 -/+ 0.9, 12 -/+ 1.6, 14 -/+ 0.1 and 28 -/+ 2% for treatments with 0, 0.5, 1 and 2 x 10(-5) M rotenone and 0, 0.5, 1, and 2 x 10(-4) M monensin, respectively). Finally, it was shown that treatments containing identical proportions of membrane-damaged cells yielded similar results in terms of viability and mitochondrial activity, irrespective of whether the staining procedure was single or double (P > 0.05). The results of the double-staining method revealed that the percentage of spermatozoa with optimally functioning mitochondria was significantly correlated with the percentage of viable (PI negative) sperm cells (r(2) = 0.998). Flow cytometric analyses using this staining procedure provides reliable and rapid (10,000 cells/min) qualitative assessment of stallion semen.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

J. F. Roche, M P Boland, M P Ryan, N Hynes, R S Monks, R P Murphy, K Z Papaioannou

Experts in our system

1
M P Boland
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 103
 
2
Michael P. Ryan
University of Limerick
Total Publications: 122
 
3
Ronan P Murphy
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 29