Type

Journal Article

Authors

J. F. Roche
M P Boland
A Baguisi
M Mihm

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
pharmacology norgestomet time factors progesterone pregnenediones progesterone congeners female pregnancy animal cattle pregnancy animals ovarian follicle blood physiology

Association between the duration of dominance of the ovulatory follicle and pregnancy rate in beef heifers. (1994)

Abstract After luteolysis, subluteal concentrations of progesterone or treatment with a synthetic progestagen result in an extended period of dominance (persistence) of the dominant follicle in cattle. Two experiments studied (1) the relationship between the duration of dominance of the ovulatory follicle and pregnancy rate and (2) the ability of a persistent dominant follicle to ovulate and form a normal functioning corpus luteum. In Expt 1, beef heifers were either untreated (n = 30) or given a synthetic progestagen implant (3 mg norgestomet) for 12 days starting on day 16 of their cycle (n = 32). The mean duration of dominance of the ovulatory follicle differed (P < 0.05) between treated and control heifers (10.8 +/- 1.2 and 3.3 +/- 0.8 days, respectively) and 20 of 26 control and 7 of 30 treated heifers were diagnosed pregnant 28 days after artificial insemination (P < 0.01). In Expt 2, on the first day of dominance of the second dominant follicle, heifers received either a PGF2 alpha analogue alone (controls; n = 18), or prostaglandin and a norgestomet implant for 6 (T6; n = 19) or 10 days (T10; n = 20). Increases in the duration of dominance of the second dominant follicle (controls, 4.1 +/- 0.2 days; T6, 8.6 +/- 0.2 days; T10, 12.1 +/- 0.2 days; P < 0.05) resulted in a decrease in pregnancy rate (controls, 14 of 16; T6, 11 of 19; T10, 0 of 13; P < or = 0.05). Progesterone concentrations on days 7 and 12 and the area of luteal tissue on day 12 after artificial insemination were not different (P > 0.05) between treatments.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

J. F. Roche, M P Boland, A Baguisi, M Mihm

Experts in our system

1
M P Boland
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 103