Type

Journal Article

Authors

J. F. Roche
M P Boland
M G Murphy

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
lactation physiology ovulation ovary estrus animals ultrasonography pregnancy female time factors cattle postpartum period ovarian follicle

Pattern of follicular growth and resumption of ovarian activity in post-partum beef suckler cows. (1990)

Abstract The ovaries of 18 post-partum beef suckler cows were examined daily, using ultrasound, from Day 5 post partum until a normal oestrous cycle was completed. Periods of growth and regression of medium-sized (5-9 mm) follicles were identified before one medium follicle became dominant (single large follicle greater than or equal to 10 mm). The mean (+/- s.e.m.) number of days from parturition to detection of the first post-partum dominant follicle was 10.2 +/- 0.5. The first post-partum dominant follicle ovulated in 2/18 (11%) cows. The interval from calving to first ovulation (mean +/- s.e.m. = 35.9 +/- 3.3 days) was characterized by the growth and regression of a variable number (mean = 3.2 +/- 0.2; range 1-6) of dominant follicles. The maximum diameter of the dominant follicle increased as the cows approached first ovulation (P less than 0.05). Behavioural oestrus was not detected in 16/18 (89%) cows at first ovulation. Following first ovulation, the length of the subsequent cycle was short (mean = 9.7 +/- 0.5 days; range 8-15 days) in 14/18 (78%) cows and was characterized by the development and ovulation of a single dominant follicle. During oestrous cycles of normal length (mean = 20.6 +/- 0.5 days; range 18-23 days) one (N = 2), two (N = 7) or three (N = 8) dominant follicles were identified. The growth rate, maximum diameter or persistence of non-ovulatory dominant follicles before first ovulation or during oestrous cycles were not different (P greater than 0.05). These data show that, in beef suckler cows, follicular development and formation of a dominant follicle occur early after parturition and the incidence of ovulation of the first dominant follicle is low. The number of dominant follicles that develop before first ovulation is variable; first ovulation is rarely associated with oestrus and short cycles are common after first ovulation. It is concluded that prolonged anoestrus in post-partum beef suckler cows is due to lack of ovulation of a dominant follicle rather than delayed development of dominant follicles.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

J. F. Roche, M P Boland, M G Murphy

Experts in our system

1
M P Boland
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 103
 
2
Madeline Murphy
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 37