Type

Journal Article

Authors

R J FitzGerald
P Jakeman
L Giblin
L Brennan
C Bruen
O Power-Grant

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
dipeptidyl peptidase iv antioxidant activity milk proteins simulated digestion insulin secretion enzymatic hydrolysis whey protein diabetes mellitus type 2

In vitro bioactive properties of intact and enzymatically hydrolysed whey protein: targeting the enteroinsular axis. (2015)

Abstract Enzymatically hydrolysed milk proteins have a variety of biofunctional effects some of which may be beneficial in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of commercially available intact and hydrolysed whey protein ingredients (DH 32, DH 45) on markers of the enteroinsular axis (glucagon like peptide-1 secretion, dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibition, insulin secretion and antioxidant activity) before and after simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SGID). A whey protein hydrolysate, DH32, significantly enhanced (P < 0.05) insulin secretion from BRIN BD11 β-cells compared to the positive control (16.7 mM glucose and 10 mM Ala). The whey protein hydrolysates inhibited dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity, yielding half maximal inhibitory concentration values (IC50) of 1.5 ± 0.1 and 1.1 ± 0.1 mg mL(-1) for the DH 32 and DH 45, samples respectively, and were significantly more potent than the intact whey (P < 0.05). Enzymatic hydrolysis of whey protein significantly enhanced (P < 0.05) its antioxidant activity compared to intact whey, as measured by the oxygen radical absorbance capacity assay (ORAC). This antioxidant activity was maintained (DH 32, P > 0.05) or enhanced (DH 45, P < 0.05) following SGID. Intact whey stimulated GLP-1 secretion from enteroendocrine cells compared to vehicle control (P < 0.05). This data confirm that whey proteins and peptides can act through multiple targets within the enteroinsular axis and as such may have glucoregulatory potential.
Collections Ireland -> University of Limerick -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

R J FitzGerald, P Jakeman, L Giblin, L Brennan, C Bruen, O Power-Grant

Experts in our system

1
Richard J FitzGerald
University of Limerick
Total Publications: 169
 
2
Philip M Jakeman
University of Limerick
Total Publications: 63
 
3
Lorraine Brennan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 166