Type

Journal Article

Authors

D O'Beirne
C Hill
P D Cotter
C G M Gahan
D J Bolton
A Meally
J Scollard
G A Francis

Subjects

Microbiology

Topics
growth development gene deletion lettuce food packaging pressure food preservation meat bacterial proteins transmission food microbiology enzymology microbial viability glutamate decarboxylase gadc protein listeria carbon dioxide antiporters genetics listeria monocytogenes vegetables metabolism listeriosis

The glutamate decarboxylase acid resistance mechanism affects survival of Listeria monocytogenes LO28 in modified atmosphere-packaged foods. (2007)

Abstract The contribution of the glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) acid resistance system to survival and growth of Listeria monocytogenes LO28 in modified atmosphere-packaged foods was examined. The survival and growth of the wild-type LO28 and four GAD deletion mutants (DeltagadA, DeltagadB, DeltagadC, DeltagadAB) in packaged foods (minced beef, lettuce, dry coleslaw mix) during storage at 4, 8 and 15 degrees C were studied. Survival and growth patterns varied with strain, product type, gas atmosphere and storage temperature. In minced beef, the wild-type LO28 survived better (P < 0.05) than the GAD mutant strains at 8 and 15 degrees C. In both packaged vegetables at all storage temperatures, the wild-type strain survived better (P < 0.05) than the double mutant DeltagadAB. The requirement for the individual gad genes varied depending on the packaged food. In the case of lettuce, gadA played the most important role, while the gadB and gadC genes played the greatest role in packaged coleslaw (at 15 degrees C). This work demonstrates that elements of the GAD system play significant roles in survival of L. monocytogenes LO28 during storage in modified atmosphere-packaged foods. A better understanding of how L. monocytogenes behaves in modified atmosphere-packaged foods, and how it responds to elevated carbon dioxide atmospheres.
Collections Ireland -> University of Limerick -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

D O'Beirne, C Hill, P D Cotter, C G M Gahan, D J Bolton, A Meally, J Scollard, G A Francis

Experts in our system

1
Colin Hill
University College Cork
Total Publications: 351
 
2
Paul D. Cotter
Teagasc
Total Publications: 253
 
3
Cormac G M Gahan
University College Cork
Total Publications: 109
 
4
D J Bolton
Teagasc
Total Publications: 92