Type

Journal Article

Authors

Sabina Brennan
Ian Robertson
Cathal Walsh
David G Loughrey
Brian Lawlor
Michelle E Kelly

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
impact analysis older adults cognition welfare of older people cognitive training healthy older adults systematic review cognitive functioning this review mental stimulation meta analysis randomised controlled trials

The Impact of Cognitive Training and Mental Stimulation on Cognitive and Everyday Functioning of Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (2014)

Abstract This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates the impact of cognitive training and general mental stimulation on the cognitive and everyday functioning of older adults without known cognitive impairment. We examine transfer and maintenance of intervention effects, and the impact of training in group versus individual settings. Thirty-one randomised controlled trials were included, with 1,806 participants in cognitive training groups and 386 in general mental stimulation groups. Meta-analysis results revealed that compared to active controls, cognitive training improved performance on measures of executive function (working memory, p=0?04; processing speed, p<0?0001) and composite measures of cognitive function (p=0.001). Compared to no intervention, cognitive training improved performance on measures of memory (face-name recall, p=0?02; immediate recall, p=0?02; paired associates, p=0?001) and subjective cognitive function (p=0.01). The impact of cognitive training on everyday functioning is largely under investigated. More research is required to determine if general mental stimulation can benefit cognitive and everyday functioning. Transfer and maintenance of intervention effects are most commonly reported when training is adaptive, with at least ten intervention sessions and a long-term follow-up. Memory and subjective cognitive performance might be improved by training in group versus individual settings.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> RSS Feeds
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Psychology (Scholarly Publications)
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> School of Psychology
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Psychology
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognition
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare: Welfare of older people
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> RSS Feeds

Full list of authors on original publication

Sabina Brennan, Ian Robertson, Cathal Walsh, David G Loughrey, Brian Lawlor, Michelle E Kelly

Experts in our system

1
Sabina Brennan
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 44
 
2
Ian H Robertson
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 157
 
3
Cathal Walsh
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 96
 
4
David G Loughrey
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 10
 
5
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 114
 
6
Michelle E Kelly
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 44