Type

Report

Authors

Dan Prendiville
Margaret Murray
Bernadette Earley

Subjects

Agriculture & Food Science

Topics
transport food handling production strategies food production food quality animal transport food chain animal handling animal handling procedures animal welfare

Animal Transport: Developing optimum animal handling procedures and effective transport strategies in the food production chain to improve animal welfare and food quality (2007)

Abstract A series of studies were performed to investigate the effect of transport on liveweight, physiological and haematological responses of cattle. The first study was carried out over a 6 week period in the Spring of 2004. Eighty-four continental x bulls (mean weight (s.d.) 367 (35) kg), naïve to transport, were randomly assigned to one of six journey (J) times of 0, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24h transport at a stocking density of 1.02m2/bull. Blood samples were collected by jugular venipuncture before, immediately after and at 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24h and bulls were weighed before, immediately after, and at 4, 12 and 24h. Bulls travelling for 6h (280 km), 9h (435 km), 12h (582 km), 18h (902 km) and 24h (1192 km) lost 4.7, 4.5, 5.7 (P=0.05), 6.6 (P=0.05) and 7.5 (P=0.05) percentage liveweight compared with baseline. During the 24h recovery period liveweight was regained to pre-transport levels. Lymphocyte percentages were lower (P=0.001) and neutrophil percentages were higher (P=0.05) in all animals. Blood protein and creatine kinase, glucose and NEFA concentrations were higher (P=0.05) in the bulls following transport and returned to baseline within 24h. In conclusion, liveweight and some physiological and haematological responses of bulls returned to pre-transport levels within 24h having had access to feed and water. Transport of bulls from 6 – 24hours did not impact negatively on animal welfare.
Collections Ireland -> Teagasc -> AGRIP End of Project Reports
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Teagasc End-of-Project Reports
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Animal & Bioscience
Ireland -> Teagasc -> AGRIP End of Project Reports
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Teagasc End-of-Project Reports

Full list of authors on original publication

Dan Prendiville, Margaret Murray, Bernadette Earley

Experts in our system

1
Margaret Murray
Teagasc
Total Publications: 14
 
2
Bernadette Earley
Teagasc
Total Publications: 120