Type

Journal Article

Authors

Padraig Cunningham
Joe Carthy
Maura Conway
Derek Greene
Derek O'Callaghan

Subjects

Computer Science

Topics
speech user generated content digital video topic modeling online systems communication categorization algorithms extreme right user generated video world wide web recommender systems youtube racism

Down the (white) rabbit hole: the extreme right and online recommender systems (2015)

Abstract In addition to hosting user-generated video content, YouTube provides recommendation services, where sets of related and recommended videos are presented to users, based on factors such as co-visitation count and prior viewing history. This article is specifically concerned with extreme right (ER) video content, portions of which contravene hate laws and are thus illegal in certain countries, which are recommended by YouTube to some users. We develop a categorization of this content based on various schema found in a selection of academic literature on the ER, which is then used to demonstrate the political articulations of YouTube’s recommender system, particularly the narrowing of the range of content to which users are exposed and the potential impacts of this. For this purpose, we use two data sets of English and German language ER YouTube channels, along with channels suggested by YouTube’s related video service. A process is observable whereby users accessing an ER YouTube video are likely to be recommended further ER content, leading to immersion in an ideological bubble in just a few short clicks. The evidence presented in this article supports a shift of the almost exclusive focus on users as content creators and protagonists in extremist cyberspaces to also consider online platform providers as important actors in these same spaces.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Humanities and Social Science
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Publication Type = Article
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Insight Centre for Data Analytics
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Institutes and Centres
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Insight Research Collection
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Computer Science Research Collection
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Social Sciences: Racism
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Social Sciences: Identity
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Social Sciences: Speech
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: World Wide Web
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = Research Initiatives and Centres: Centre for International Studies (CIS)
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Humanities and Social Science: School of Law and Government
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> College of Science
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: Algorithms
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Social Sciences: Communication
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> School of Computer Science
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: Digital video

Full list of authors on original publication

Padraig Cunningham, Joe Carthy, Maura Conway, Derek Greene, Derek O'Callaghan

Experts in our system

1
Padraig Cunningham
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 164
 
2
Joe Carthy
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 9
 
3
Maura Conway
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 43
 
4
Derek Greene
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 58
 
5
Derek O'Callaghan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 7