Type

Journal Article

Authors

Daniel G Bradley
Ron Pinhasi
Andrea Manica
Michael Hofreiter
David Lordkipanidze
Mathias Currat
Thomas F G Higham
Nino Jakeli
Zinovi Matskevich
Anna Belfer-Cohen
and 13 others

Subjects

History

Topics
south asia modern genetics humans roots genomes palaeolithic central asia early bronze age

Upper Palaeolithic genomes reveal deep roots of modern Eurasians. (2015)

Abstract We extend the scope of European palaeogenomics by sequencing the genomes of Late Upper Palaeolithic (13,300 years old, 1.4-fold coverage) and Mesolithic (9,700 years old, 15.4-fold) males from western Georgia in the Caucasus and a Late Upper Palaeolithic (13,700 years old, 9.5-fold) male from Switzerland. While we detect Late Palaeolithic-Mesolithic genomic continuity in both regions, we find that Caucasus hunter-gatherers (CHG) belong to a distinct ancient clade that split from western hunter-gatherers ∼45 kya, shortly after the expansion of anatomically modern humans into Europe and from the ancestors of Neolithic farmers ∼25 kya, around the Last Glacial Maximum. CHG genomes significantly contributed to the Yamnaya steppe herders who migrated into Europe ∼3,000 BC, supporting a formative Caucasus influence on this important Early Bronze age culture. CHG left their imprint on modern populations from the Caucasus and also central and south Asia possibly marking the arrival of Indo-Aryan languages.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Daniel G Bradley, Ron Pinhasi, Andrea Manica, Michael Hofreiter, David Lordkipanidze, Mathias Currat, Thomas F G Higham, Nino Jakeli, Zinovi Matskevich, Anna Belfer-Cohen and 13 others

Experts in our system

1
Daniel Bradley
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 84
 
2
Ron Pinhasi
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 47
 
3
Andrea Manica
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 5
 
4
Michael Hofreiter
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 12
 
5
Thomas F G Higham
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 8