Type

Journal Article

Authors

Fionnuala M McAuliffe
Jean M Donnelly
Jacinta Byrne
Eileen R Gibney
Ciara A McGowan
Mary K Horan

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
dietary intake infant feeding control groups childhood obesity diet and lifestyle body composition maternal age glycaemic index

Maternal Nutrition and Glycaemic Index during Pregnancy Impacts on Offspring Adiposity at 6 Months of Age-Analysis from the ROLO Randomised Controlled Trial. (2015)

Abstract Childhood obesity is associated with increased risk of adult obesity and metabolic disease. Diet and lifestyle in pregnancy influence fetal programming; however the influence of specific dietary components, including low glycaemic index (GI), remains complex. We examined the effect of a maternal low GI dietary intervention on offspring adiposity at 6 months and explored the association between diet and lifestyle factors in pregnancy and infant body composition at 6 months. 280 6-month old infant and mother pairs from the control (n = 142) and intervention group (n = 138), who received low GI dietary advice in pregnancy, in the ROLO study were analysed. Questionnaires (food diaries and lifestyle) were completed during pregnancy, followed by maternal lifestyle and infant feeding questionnaires at 6 months postpartum. Maternal anthropometry was measured throughout pregnancy and at 6 months post-delivery, along with infant anthropometry. No difference was found in 6 months infant adiposity between control and intervention groups. Maternal trimester three GI, trimester two saturated fats and trimester one and three sodium intake were positively associated with offspring adiposity, while trimester two and three vitamin C intake was negatively associated. In conclusion associations were observed between maternal dietary intake and GI during pregnancy and offspring adiposity at 6 months of age.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Jean M Donnelly, Jacinta Byrne, Eileen R Gibney, Ciara A McGowan, Mary K Horan

Experts in our system

1
Fionnuala M McAuliffe
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 176
 
2
Jean M Donnelly
University College Dublin
 
3
Eileen R Gibney
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 98
 
4
Ciara A McGowan
University College Dublin
 
5
Mary K Horan
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 11