Type

Journal Article

Authors

John Martin Scott
Joseph Mcpartlin

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
homocysteine pregnancy folic acid albumin supplementation preconception longitudinal study hematocrit

The pregnancy-related decrease in fasting plasma homocysteine is not explained by folic acid supplementation, hemodilution, or a decrease in albumin in a longitudinal study (2002)

Abstract Background: Fasting plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) decreases during pregnancy. Previous reports suggested that this is due to folic acid supplementation, hemodilution, or a decrease in albumin. However, these hypotheses have not been tested in a longitudinal study. Objective: We investigated the relation between pregnancy-related physiologic changes and tHcy in a group of healthy women who were either unsupplemented or supplemented with folic acid. Design: In a longitudinal study from preconception throughout pregnancy, we studied 54 unsupplemented women and 39 women who were supplemented with folic acid during the second or third trimester of pregnancy. tHcy, hematocrit, and serum albumin were determined preconceptionally and at 8, 20, and 32 wk of pregnancy. Results: For the entire group, geometric mean tHcy concentrations at preconception (8.2 ?mol/L) were significantly greater (P < 0.001) than those at 8 wk of pregnancy (6.4 ?mol/L). When the unsupplemented and supplemented groups were regarded separately, geometric mean tHcy concentrations at preconception were significantly greater than those at 20 (5.22 and 4.18 ?mol/L, respectively) and 32 (5.16 and 4.42 ?mol/L, respectively) wk of pregnancy (P < 0.001 for both). Mean reductions from preconception concentrations at 8, 20, and 32 wk of pregnancy were significantly greater (P < 0.001) for tHcy (-11.5%, -25.5%, and -24.5%, respectively) than for hematocrit (-1.9%, -4.2%, and -4.3%, respectively) or serum albumin (-1.1%, -9.8%, and -13.4%, respectively). There was no correlation between changes in either hematocrit or serum albumin and changes in tHcy. Conclusions: This study refutes the previous explanations for the reduction in plasma tHcy known to occur in pregnancy, namely, folic acid supplementation, hemodilution, and a decrease in serum albumin. We suggest that the changes may be endocrine-based.
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Full list of authors on original publication

John Martin Scott, Joseph Mcpartlin

Experts in our system

1
John Martin Scott
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 80
 
2
Joseph Mcpartlin
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 15