Type

Journal Article

Authors

Kathleen Bennett
Jacintha O'Sullivan

Subjects

Medicine & Nursing

Topics
breast cancer brca1 brca2 physical activity risk factors prospective cohort study metabolic syndrome dietary intake body composition telomere length lifestyle risk factors

A prospective investigation of predictive and modifiable risk factors for breast cancer in unaffected BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene carriers (2013)

Abstract Background Breast cancer is the most common female cancer worldwide. The lifetime risk of a woman being diagnosed with breast cancer is approximately 12.5%. For women who carry the deleterious mutation in either of the BRCA genes, BRCA1 or BRCA2, the risk of developing breast or ovarian cancer is significantly increased. In recent years there has been increased penetrance of BRCA1 and BRCA2 associated breast cancer, prompting investigation into the role of modifiable risk factors in this group. Previous investigations into this topic have relied on participants recalling lifetime weight changes and subjective methods of recording physical activity. The influence of obesity-related biomarkers, which may explain the link between obesity, physical activity and breast cancer risk, has not been investigated prospectively in this group. This paper describes the design of a prospective cohort study investigating the role of predictive and modifiable risk factors for breast cancer in unaffected BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutation carriers. Methods/design Participants will be recruited from breast cancer family risk clinics and genetics clinics. Lifestyle risk factors that will be investigated will include body composition, metabolic syndrome and its components, physical activity and dietary intake. PBMC telomere length will be measured as a potential predictor of breast cancer occurrence. Measurements will be completed on entry to the study and repeated at two years and five years. Participants will also be followed annually by questionnaire to track changes in risk factor status and to record cancer occurrence. Data will be analysed using multiple regression models. The study has an accrual target of 352 participants. Discussion The results from this study will provide valuable information regarding the role of modifiable lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer in women with a deleterious mutation in the BRCA gene. Additionally, the study will attempt to identify potential blood biomarkers which may be predictive of breast cancer occurrence.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> RSS Feeds
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Surgery
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Surgery (Scholarly Publications)
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> RSS Feeds
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Pharmacology & Therapeutics (Scholarly Publications)
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> School of Medicine

Full list of authors on original publication

Kathleen Bennett, Jacintha O'Sullivan

Experts in our system

1
Kathleen Bennett
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 137
 
2
Jacintha O'Sullivan
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 74