Type

Journal Article

Authors

Liam Cormican
John Faul
Aisling McGowan
Kenneth Bolger
Katrina Hutchinson
Conor P Kerley

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
case control study heart rate body mass index regression analysis vitamin d vitamin d deficiency case control design multivariate analysis

Serum Vitamin D Is Significantly Inversely Associated with Disease Severity in Caucasian Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. (2015)

Abstract To evaluate vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and possible relationships to OSAS severity, sleepiness, lung function, nocturnal heart rate (HR), and body composition. We also aimed to compare the 25(OH)D status of a subset of OSAS patients compared to controls matched for important determinants of both OSAS and vitamin D deficiency (VDD). This was a cross-sectional study conducted at an urban, clinical sleep medicine outpatient center. We recruited newly diagnosed, Caucasian adults who had recently undergone nocturnal polysomnography. We compared body mass index (BMI), body composition (bioelectrical impedance analysis), neck circumference, sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale), lung function, and vitamin D status (serum 25-hydrpoxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) across OSAS severity categories and non-OSAS subjects. Next, using a case-control design, we compared measures of serum 25(OH)D from OSAS cases to non-OSAS controls who were matched for age, gender, skin pigmentation, sleepiness, season, and BMI. 106 adults (77 male; median age = 54.5; median BMI = 34.3 kg/m(2)) resident in Dublin, Ireland (latitude 53°N) were recruited and categorized as non-OSAS or mild/moderate/severe OSAS. 98% of OSAS cases had insufficient 25(OH)D (< 75 nmol/L), including 72% with VDD (< 50 nmol/L). 25(OH)D levels decreased with OSAS severity (P = 0.003). 25(OH)D was inversely correlated with BMI, percent body fat, AHI, and nocturnal HR. Subsequent multivariate regression analysis revealed that 25(OH)D was independently associated with both AHI (P = 0.016) and nocturnal HR (P = 0.0419). Our separate case-control study revealed that 25(OH)D was significantly lower in OSAS cases than matched, non-OSAS subjects (P = 0.001). We observed widespread vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in a Caucasian, OSAS population. There were significant, independent, inverse relationships between 25(OH)D and AHI as well as nocturnal HR, a known cardiovascular risk factor. Further, 25(OH)D was significantly lower in OSAS cases compared to matched, non-OSAS subjects. We provide evidence that 25(OH)D and OSAS are related, but the role, if any, of replenishment has not been investigated.
Collections Ireland -> IT Blanchardstown -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Liam Cormican, John Faul, Aisling McGowan, Kenneth Bolger, Katrina Hutchinson, Conor P Kerley

Experts in our system

1
Liam Cormican
IT Blanchardstown
 
2
John Faul
IT Blanchardstown
Total Publications: 11
 
3
Aisling McGowan
IT Blanchardstown
Total Publications: 3
 
4
Katrina Hutchinson
IT Blanchardstown
 
5
Conor P Kerley
IT Blanchardstown