Type

Journal Article

Authors

Albert Zink
Daniel G Bradley
Ron Pinhasi
Frank Maixner
Valeria Mattiangeli
Matthew D Teasdale
Niall J O'Sullivan

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
tyrolean iceman sources clothing animal sheep domestic copper mitochondria high frequency age

A whole mitochondria analysis of the Tyrolean Iceman's leather provides insights into the animal sources of Copper Age clothing. (2016)

Abstract The attire of the Tyrolean Iceman, a 5,300-year-old natural mummy from the Ötzal Italian Alps, provides a surviving example of ancient manufacturing technologies. Research into his garments has however, been limited by ambiguity surrounding their source species. Here we present a targeted enrichment and sequencing of full mitochondrial genomes sampled from his clothes and quiver, which elucidates the species of production for nine fragments. Results indicate that the majority of the samples originate from domestic ungulate species (cattle, sheep and goat), whose recovered haplogroups are now at high frequency in today's domestic populations. Intriguingly, the hat and quiver samples were produced from wild species, brown bear and roe deer respectively. Combined, these results suggest that Copper Age populations made considered choices of clothing material from both the wild and domestic populations available to them. Moreover, these results show the potential for the recovery of complete mitochondrial genomes from degraded prehistoric artefacts.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Albert Zink, Daniel G Bradley, Ron Pinhasi, Frank Maixner, Valeria Mattiangeli, Matthew D Teasdale, Niall J O'Sullivan

Experts in our system

1
Daniel Bradley
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 84
 
2
Ron Pinhasi
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 47
 
3
Valeria Mattiangeli
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 5