Type

Journal Article

Authors

Julie A Lovegrove
John C Mathers
Michael J Gibney
Wim Hm Saris
Hannelore Daniel
J Alfredo Martinez
Christian A Drevon
Iwona Traczyk
Yannis Manios
Keith Grimaldi
and 19 others

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
randomized controlled trial energy intake linear models dietary intake dietary change cardiovascular disease fat intake fatty acid

The effect of the apolipoprotein E genotype on response to personalized dietary advice intervention: findings from the Food4Me randomized controlled trial. (2016)

Abstract The apolipoprotein E (APOE) risk allele (ɛ4) is associated with higher total cholesterol (TC), amplified response to saturated fatty acid (SFA) reduction, and increased cardiovascular disease. Although knowledge of gene risk may enhance dietary change, it is unclear whether ɛ4 carriers would benefit from gene-based personalized nutrition (PN). The aims of this study were to 1) investigate interactions between APOE genotype and habitual dietary fat intake and modulations of fat intake on metabolic outcomes; 2) determine whether gene-based PN results in greater dietary change than do standard dietary advice (level 0) and nongene-based PN (levels 1-2); and 3) assess the impact of knowledge of APOE risk (risk: E4+, nonrisk: E4-) on dietary change after gene-based PN (level 3). Individuals (n = 1466) recruited into the Food4Me pan-European PN dietary intervention study were randomly assigned to 4 treatment arms and genotyped for APOE (rs429358 and rs7412). Diet and dried blood spot TC and ω-3 (n-3) index were determined at baseline and after a 6-mo intervention. Data were analyzed with the use of adjusted general linear models. Significantly higher TC concentrations were observed in E4+ participants than in E4- (P < 0.05). Although there were no significant differences in APOE response to gene-based PN (E4+ compared with E4-), both groups had a greater reduction in SFA (percentage of total energy) intake than at level 0 (mean ± SD: E4+, -0.72% ± 0.35% compared with -1.95% ± 0.45%, P = 0.035; E4-, -0.31% ± 0.20% compared with -1.68% ± 0.35%, P = 0.029). Gene-based PN was associated with a smaller reduction in SFA intake than in nongene-based PN (level 2) for E4- participants (-1.68% ± 0.35% compared with -2.56% ± 0.27%, P = 0.025). The APOE ɛ4 allele was associated with higher TC. Although gene-based PN targeted to APOE was more effective in reducing SFA intake than standard dietary advice, there was no difference between APOE "risk" and "nonrisk" groups. Furthermore, disclosure of APOE nonrisk may have weakened dietary response to PN. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01530139.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Julie A Lovegrove, John C Mathers, Michael J Gibney, Wim Hm Saris, Hannelore Daniel, J Alfredo Martinez, Christian A Drevon, Iwona Traczyk, Yannis Manios, Keith Grimaldi and 19 others

Experts in our system

1
Julie A Lovegrove
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 46
 
2
John C Mathers
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 33
 
3
Michael J Gibney
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 102
 
4
Wim H M Saris
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 39
 
5
Hannelore Daniel
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 33
 
6
J Alfredo Martinez
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 32
 
7
Christian A Drevon
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 39
 
8
Yannis Manios
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 38