Type

Journal Article

Authors

Eamonn Delahunt
Dana Wang
Cailbhe Doherty
Colin Boreham
Sinéad Holden

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
age lower limb injuries incidence risk factor star excursion balance test progression adolescents stability

A longitudinal investigation into the progression of dynamic postural stability performance in adolescents. (2016)

Abstract Adolescent female athletes have a higher incidence of certain non-contact lower limb injuries compared to their male counterparts. Decreased postural stability is an established risk factor for lower limb injuries; however developmental-related sex differences in postural stability during adolescence have not been investigated. The objectives of this study were to longitudinally examine changes over time, and potential sex differences in dynamic postural stability performance in adolescents. One hundred and eighty four adolescent athletes participated (mean age=13±0.34 years). Participants were assessed, using the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) at baseline (T1) and at 6 (T2), 12 (T3), 18 (T4) and 24 (T5) months. At each time-point, participants performed 3 trials of the anterior, posterior-medial and posterior-lateral directions of the SEBT on each limb. Reach distance for each direction was averaged across the 3 trials normalised to leg length. General linear mixed model analyses were carried out on each of the dependant variables (reach directions) with sex and time as the categorical independent variables. There was a significant sex×time interaction for the posterior-lateral reach distance scores. There were no significant sex×time interactions for any of the other reach directions. Males increased performance on the posterior-lateral reach direction from T1 to T5, while females only increased performance until T3. Young males and females demonstrate diverging postural stability profiles during adolescence.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Eamonn Delahunt, Dana Wang, Cailbhe Doherty, Colin Boreham, Sinéad Holden

Experts in our system

1
Eamonn Delahunt
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 115
 
2
Cailbhe Doherty
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 44
 
3
Colin A G Boreham
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 26
 
4
Sinéad Holden
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 6