Journal Article


R. Paul Ross
Colin Hill
Paul D. Cotter
Des Field
Ruth M. Morrissey
Alicia Campion



essential oils food borne pathogens apple juice c sakazakii e coli o157 h7 escherichia coli o157 h7 nisin infant formula milk

Use of enhanced nisin derivatives in combination with food-grade oils or citric acid to control Cronobacter sakazakii and Escherichia coli O157:H7 (2017)

Abstract Cronobacter sakazakii and Escherichia coli O157:H7 are well known food-borne pathogens that can cause severe disease. The identification of new alternatives to heating to control these pathogens in foods, while reducing the impact on organoleptic properties and nutritional value, is highly desirable. In this study, nisin and its bioengineered variants, nisin V and nisin S29A, are used alone, or in combination with plant essential oils (thymol, carvacrol and trans-cinnamaldehyde) or citric acid, with a view to controlling C. sakazakii and E. coli O157:H7 in laboratory-based assays and model food systems. The use of nisin variants (30 μM) with low concentrations of thymol (0.015%), carvacrol (0.03%) and trans-cinnamaldehyde (0.035%) resulted in extended lag phases of growth compared to those for corresponding nisin A-essential oil combinations. Furthermore, nisin variants (60 μM) used in combination with carvacrol (0.03%) significantly reduced viable counts of E. coli O157:H7 (3-log) and C. sakazakii (4-log) compared to nisin A-carvacrol treatment. Importantly, this increased effectiveness translated into food. More specifically, sub-inhibitory concentrations of nisin variants and carvacrol caused complete inactivation of E. coli O157:H7 in apple juice within 3 h at room temperature compared to that of the equivalent nisin A combination. Furthermore, combinations of commercial Nisaplin and the food additive citric acid reduced C. sakazakii numbers markedly in infant formula within the same 3 h period. These results highlight the potential benefits of combining nisin and variants thereof with carvacrol and/or citric acid for the inhibition of Gram negative food-borne pathogens.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> APC Microbiome Institute
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Science, Engineering and Food Science
Ireland -> University College Cork -> APC Microbiome Institute- Journal Articles
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Microbiology
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Research Institutes and Centres
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Microbiology - Journal Articles

Full list of authors on original publication

R. Paul Ross, Colin Hill, Paul D. Cotter, Des Field, Ruth M. Morrissey, Alicia Campion

Experts in our system

R Paul Ross
Total Publications: 441
Colin Hill
University College Cork
Total Publications: 351
Paul D. Cotter
Total Publications: 253
Des Field
Total Publications: 30
Ruth Maria Morrissey
University College Cork
Total Publications: 4
Alicia Campion
University College Cork
Total Publications: 5