Type

Journal Article

Authors

Ivan J Perry
Frances Shiely
Jakob Demant
Martin P Davoren

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
united kingdom prevalence alcohol systematic review literature review alcohol consumption

Alcohol consumption among university students in Ireland and the United Kingdom from 2002 to 2014: a systematic review (2016)

Abstract Background: Alcohol is a leading cause of global suffering. Europe reports the uppermost volume of alcohol consumption in the world, with Ireland and the United Kingdom reporting the highest levels of binge drinking and drunkenness. Levels of consumption are elevated among university students. Thus, this literature review aims to summarise the current research on alcohol consumption among university students in the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. Methods: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and PsychInfo were systematically searched for literature from January 2002 until December 2014. Each database was searched using the following search pillars: alcohol, university student, Ireland or the United Kingdom and prevalence studies. Results: Two thousand one hundred twenty eight articles were retrieved from electronic database searching. These were title searched for relevance. 113 full texts were retrieved and assessed for eligibility. Of these, 29 articles were deemed to meet inclusion criteria for the review. Almost two thirds of students reported a hazardous alcohol consumption score on the AUDIT scale. Over 20 % reported alcohol problems over their lifetime using CAGE while over 20 % exceed sensible limits each week. Noteworthy is the narrowing of the gender gap throughout the past decade. Conclusion: This is the first review to investigate consumption patterns of university students in Ireland and the United Kingdom. A range of sampling strategies and screening tools are employed in alcohol research which preclude comparability. The current review provides an overview of consumption patterns to guide policy development.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> Public Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Medicine and Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Public Health - Journal Articles

Full list of authors on original publication

Ivan J Perry, Frances Shiely, Jakob Demant, Martin P Davoren

Experts in our system

1
Ivan J Perry
University College Cork
Total Publications: 188
 
2
Frances Shiely
University College Cork
Total Publications: 34
 
3
Jakob Demant
University College Cork
Total Publications: 3
 
4
Martin P Davoren
University College Cork
Total Publications: 13