Type

Journal Article

Authors

Ivan J. Perry
Eileen Williamson
Jacklyn McCarthy
Carmel McAuliffe
Amanda Wall
Celine Larkin
Marco Bennardi
Ella Arensman

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
substance abuse suicide ireland toxicology young adults age groups health care alcohols logistic regression analysis young people ireland carbon monoxide drug abuse suicide adults alcohol consumption alcoholism health professionals

Suicide among young people and adults in Ireland: method characteristics, toxicological analysis and substance abuse histories compared (2016)

Abstract Objective: Information on factors associated with suicide among young individuals in Ireland is limited. The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic characteristics and circumstances of death associated with age among individuals who died by suicide. Methods: The study examined 121 consecutive suicides (2007–2012) occurring in the southern eastern part of Ireland (Cork city and county). Data were obtained from coroners, family informants, and health care professionals. A comparison was made between 15-24-year-old and 25-34-year-old individuals. Socio-demographic characteristics of the deceased, methods of suicide, history of alcohol and drug abuse, and findings from toxicological analysis of blood and urine samples taken at post mortem were included. Pearson’s χ2 tests and binary logistic regression analysis were performed. Results: Alcohol and/or drugs were detected through toxicological analysis for the majority of the total sample (79.5%), which did not differentiate between 15-24-year-old and 25-34-year-old individuals (74.1% and 86.2% respectively). Compared to 25-34-year-old individuals, 15-24-year-old individuals were more likely to engage in suicide by hanging (88.5%). Younger individuals were less likely to die by intentional drug overdose and carbon monoxide poisoning compared to older individuals. Younger individuals who died between Saturday and Monday were more likely to have had alcohol before dying. Substance abuse histories were similar in the two age groups. Conclusion: Based on this research it is recommended that strategies to reduce substance abuse be applied among 25-34-year-old individuals at risk of suicide. The wide use of hanging in young people should be taken into consideration for future means restriction strategies.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> Public Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Medicine and Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Public Health - Journal Articles

Full list of authors on original publication

Ivan J. Perry, Eileen Williamson, Jacklyn McCarthy, Carmel McAuliffe, Amanda Wall, Celine Larkin, Marco Bennardi, Ella Arensman

Experts in our system

1
Ivan J Perry
University College Cork
Total Publications: 188
 
2
Carmel McAuliffe
University College Cork
Total Publications: 4
 
3
Celine Larkin
University College Cork
Total Publications: 11
 
4
Marco Bennardi
University College Cork
Total Publications: 3
 
5
Ella Arensman
University College Cork
Total Publications: 49