Type

Journal Article

Authors

Mark Shevlin
Philip Hyland
Ask Elklit

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
diagnosis psychological problems international classification symptom depression self report profiles post traumatic stress disorder posttraumatic stress disorder

Evidence of symptom profiles consistent with posttraumatic stress disorder and complex posttraumatic stress disorder in different trauma samples (2014)

Abstract The International Classification of Diseases, 11th version (ICD-11), proposes two related stress and trauma-related disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD). A diagnosis of CPTSD requires that in addition to the PTSD symptoms, an individual must also endorse symptoms in three major domains: (1) affective dysregulation, (2) negative self-concepts, and (3) interpersonal problems. This study aimed to determine if the naturally occurring distribution of symptoms in three groups of traumatised individuals (bereavement, sexual victimisation, and physical assault) were consistent with the ICD-11, PTSD, and CPTSD specification. The study also investigated whether these groups differed on a range of other psychological problems. Participants completed self-report measures of each symptom group and latent class analyses consistently found that a three class solution was best. The classes were “PTSD only,” “CPTSD,” and “low PTSD/CPTSD.” These classes differed significantly on measures of depression, anxiety, dissociation, sleep disturbances, somatisation, interpersonal sensitivity, and aggression. The “CPTSD” class in the three samples scored highest on all the variables, with the “PTSD only” class scoring lower and the “low PTSD/CPTSD” class the lowest. This study provides evidence to support the diagnostic structure of CPTSD and indicted that CPTSD is associated with a broad range of other psychological problems.
Collections Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology): Post-traumatic stress disorder
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Open Access DRIVERset
Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> Status = Published

Full list of authors on original publication

Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland, Ask Elklit

Experts in our system

1
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
2
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231
 
3
Ask Elklit
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 46